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Chemical Economics Handbook

Waxes

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary6
Introduction12
Manufacturing processes13
Naturally occurring waxes13
Vegetable waxes13
Animal and insect waxes13
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)14
Petroleum waxes14
Synthetic waxes15
Fischer-Tropsch wax15
Polyolefin waxes16
Direct-synthesis PO waxes16
Homopolymer LDPE waxes16
Copolymer LDPE waxes16
HDPE and PP waxes16
Degradation PO waxes17
Functionalized PO waxes17
By-product PE waxes18
NAO waxes18
Other waxes18
Environmental issues19
United States19
Western Europe19
Japan19
Supply and demand by region20
United States20
Producing companies20
Naturally occurring waxes20
Vegetable waxes20
Animal and insect waxes20
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)20
Petroleum waxes20
Synthetic waxes23
Mergers and acquisitions24
Salient statistics25
Naturally occurring waxes25
Vegetable waxes26
Animal and insect waxes27
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)27
Petroleum waxes27
Synthetic waxes28
Consumption28
By type of wax28
Naturally occurring waxes30
Synthetic waxes38
By end use40
Board sizing42
Paper coating42
Candles and molded novelties43
Electrical applications43
Textile and leather processing44
Polishes44
Adhesives44
Fruit and vegetable coatings45
Cosmetics and medicinals45
Carbon paper, ribbons, and printing inks45
Greases, lubricants, and mold releases46
Rubber compounding46
Other46
Price47
Trade48
Naturally occurring waxes48
Vegetable waxes48
Animal and insect waxes49
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)50
Petroleum waxes51
Synthetic waxes52
Canada52
Mexico53
Petroleum waxes53
Candelilla wax53
Central and South America54
Petroleum Waxes54
Carnauba wax54
Trade54
Naturally occurring waxes54
Synthetic waxes56
Western Europe56
Producing companies56
Mineral waxes56
Petroleum waxes56
Montan waxes58
Synthetic waxes58
Salient statistics62
Vegetable waxes62
Animal waxes63
Mineral waxes63
Synthetic waxes64
Production65
Vegetable waxes65
Animal waxes65
Mineral waxes65
Petroleum waxes65
Montan wax66
Synthetic waxes66
Consumption67
Vegetable waxes67
Animal waxes68
Mineral waxes68
Petroleum waxes68
Montan waxes69
Synthetic waxes69
Polyolefin waxes69
Polyethylene glycol waxes69
Fischer-Tropsch waxes70
Price70
Trade71
Vegetable waxes71
Animal waxes72
Mineral waxes73
Synthetic waxes75
Candles77
Central and Eastern Europe77
Producing companies77
Salient statistics79
Petroleum waxes79
Synthetic waxes80
Consumption81
Trade81
Vegetable waxes81
Animal waxes81
Mineral waxes82
Synthetic waxes83
Candles85
Middle East85
Producing companies85
Salient statistics86
Petroleum waxes86
Synthetic waxes88
Fischer-Tropsch waxes88
Consumption89
Trade90
Naturally occurring waxes90
Synthetic waxes91
Candles92
Africa93
Producing companies93
Salient statistics94
Petroleum waxes94
Synthetic waxes95
Consumption97
Trade97
Naturally occurring waxes97
Synthetic waxes99
Candles100
Japan100
Producing companies100
Naturally occurring waxes100
Vegetable waxes100
Animal and insect waxes102
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)102
Petroleum waxes103
Synthetic waxes104
Salient statistics106
Consumption107
Naturally occurring waxes107
Vegetable waxes107
Animal and insect waxes108
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)108
Petroleum waxes108
Synthetic waxes110
Price111
Trade112
Naturally occurring waxes112
Vegetable, animal, and insect waxes112
Mineral waxes114
Synthetic waxes114
China115
Producing companies115
Petroleum waxes115
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)116
Vegetable waxes116
Animal and insect waxes117
Synthetic waxes117
Salient statistics118
Consumption119
Price120
Trade120
Vegetable wax120
Beeswax and other insect waxes121
Wool grease and fatty substances derived from it (including lanolin)121
Petroleum waxes122
Synthetic waxes122
Candles123
Other Asia124
Consumption124
Vegetable wax125
Imports125
Exports125
Beeswax and other insect waxes126
Imports126
Exports126
Wool grease and fatty substances derived from it (including lanolin)127
Imports127
Exports127
Petroleum wax128
Imports128
Exports128
Oceania129
Consumption129
Trade129
Vegetable and animal waxes129
Petroleum waxes130
Bibliography131

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