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Chemical Economics Handbook

Urea

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary5
Summary6
World supply and deman9
Capacity10
Production11
Consumption12
Price14
Trade16
Introduction18
Manufacturing processes19
Once-through19
Partial recovery20
Total recycle20
Conversion to solids20
Prilling20
Granulation20
Crystallization21
Biuret formation21
Conditioning21
Use as liquids21
Environmental issues22
Supply and demand by region23
United States23
Producing companies23
Salient statistics25
Consumption26
Fertilizers27
Controlled-release fertilizers30
Liquid urea30
Urea-formaldehyde resins30
Livestock feeds31
Melamine31
Other/environmental31
Price32
Trade34
Canada35
Producing companies36
Salient statistics36
Consumption37
Price38
Trade39
Mexico40
Producing companies40
Salient statistics40
Consumption41
Trade42
Central and South America42
Producing companies42
Salient statistics44
Production44
Consumption45
Trade47
Western Europe48
Producing companies48
Salient statistics49
Production50
Consumption51
Fertilizers52
Urea-formaldehyde resins52
Melamine52
Diesel exhaust fluid53
Other53
Trade53
Central Europe54
Producing companies55
Salient statistics56
Production56
Consumption57
Trade58
Eastern Europe60
Producing companies60
Salient statistics63
Production64
Consumption64
Trade66
Middle East67
Producing companies67
Salient statistics70
Production70
Consumption71
Trade72
Africa73
Producing companies74
Salient statistics75
Production76
Consumption76
Trade78
Japan79
Producing companies79
Salient statistics79
Consumption80
Fertilizers81
Industrial uses81
Trade81
China81
Producing companies82
Salient statistics86
Consumption87
Fertilizer88
Urea-formaldehyde resins88
Melamine88
Animal feeds88
Other88
Price89
Trade89
Southwest Asia90
Producing companies90
Bangladesh92
India93
Pakistan93
Salient statistics93
Production96
Bangladesh97
Pakistan97
Consumption97
Bangladesh98
India99
Pakistan99
Trade99
Southeast Asia 100
Producing companies 101
Indonesia 102
Malaysia 102
Myanmar 102
South Korea 102
Taiwan 102
Vietnam 102
Salient statistics 103
Production 105
Consumption 106
Indonesia 107
Malaysia 107
Thailand 107
Vietnam 107
Trade 108
Oceania 109
Producing companies 109
Salient statistics 109
Production 111
Consumption 112
Trade 113
Bibliography 114

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