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Chemical Economics Handbook

Toluene

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary5
Producing companies6
Production7
Consumption8
Price10
Trade11
Sources14
Petroleum-derived toluene14
Catalytic reformate14
Pyrolysis gasoline14
Other15
Coal-derived toluene15
By-product of styrene manufacture15
Grades of toluene15
Environmental issues17
Supply and demand by region19
North America19
Salient statistics19
Production19
Consumption20
Trade21
United States21
Producing companies21
Salient statistics22
Production23
Reformate processes24
Pygas processes24
Coke/coal processes24
Styrene processes24
Consumption24
Motor and aviation gasoline uses26
Chemical and solvent uses27
Benzene/xylenes27
Toluene diisocyanate30
Benzoic acid30
Solvent31
Other chemicals31
Trade34
Canada34
Producing companies34
Salient statistics34
Production35
Consumption36
Trade37
Mexico37
Producing companies37
Salient statistics37
Production38
Consumption39
Trade39
South America40
Producing companies40
Salient statistics40
Production41
Consumption41
Trade42
Western Europe42
Producing companies42
Salient statistics44
Production44
Consumption45
Trade46
Central Europe46
Producing companies46
Salient statistics47
Production48
Consumption48
Trade49
CIS and Baltic States49
Producing companies50
Salient statistics50
Production51
Consumption51
Trade52
Middle East52
Producing companies52
Salient statistics53
Production54
Consumption55
Trade55
Africa56
Producing companies56
Salient statistics56
Production57
Consumption57
Trade58
Indian Subcontinent58
Producing companies58
Salient statistics59
Production60
Consumption60
Trade61
Northeast Asia61
Salient statistics62
Production62
Consumption63
Trade64
China64
Producing companies64
Salient statistics66
Production67
Consumption67
Trade68
Japan69
Producing companies69
Salient statistics69
Production70
Consumption71
Trade72
South Korea72
Producing companies72
Salient statistics73
Production74
Consumption75
Trade75
Taiwan76
Producing companies76
Salient statistics76
Production77
Consumption77
Trade78
Southeast Asia79
Producing companies79
Salient statistics80
Production81
Consumption81
Trade82
Appendix: Standard specifications for toluene83
Bibliography84

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