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Chemical Economics Handbook

Sulfur

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary6
Introduction11
Properties and Grades11
Sources and recovery12
Reserves and resources12
Recovery13
Elemental13
Elemental sulfur from salt domes and evaporites (Frasch)13
By-product sulfur recovered from hydrocarbons13
Volcanic deposits14
Contained sulfur14
Other and potential sources15
Coal and shale15
Gypsum16
Other16
Environmental issues16
Supply and demand by region18
World18
Capacity18
Salient statistics18
Consumption19
Price20
Trade21
United States22
Producing companies22
Salient statistics29
Consumption31
Sulfuric acid31
Pulp and paper32
Carbon disulfide32
Phosphorus pentasulfide33
Rubber vulcanizing33
Sulfur dioxide33
Other33
Direct agricultural applications33
Sulfur trioxide for surface-active agents and chlorosulfonic acid34
Sulfur polymer cement concrete34
Miscellaneous35
Price35
Trade37
Canada38
Producing companies38
Salient statistics42
Consumption44
Price44
Trade46
Mexico46
Producing companies46
Salient statistics48
Trade49
Central and South America51
Producing companies51
Salient statistics52
Trade55
Western Europe57
Producing companies57
Production capacity63
Salient statistics64
Production65
Apparent consumption66
Price69
Trade70
Central Europe73
Producing companies73
Production capacity75
Salient statistics77
Production78
Apparent consumption79
Trade80
Eastern Europe83
Producing companies83
Production capacity88
Salient statistics90
Production91
Apparent consumption93
Trade94
Middle East96
Producing companies96
Production capacity102
Salient statistics104
Production105
Apparent consumption106
Price107
Trade108
Africa111
Producing companies111
Production capacity113
Salient statistics115
Production116
Apparent consumption117
Trade117
China120
Producing companies120
Salient statistics135
Production136
Consumption137
Sulfuric acid137
Miscellaneous use137
Rayon fibers138
Rubber vulcanizing138
Sugar processing138
Direct agricultural applications138
Pesticides138
Sodium hydrosulfite138
Chlorosulfonic acid139
Other uses139
Price139
Trade140
Southwest Asia146
Salient statistics146
Production148
Trade149
Northeast Asia151
Salient statistics152
Trade153
Southeast Asia155
Salient statistics155
Trade158
Japan142
Producing companies142
Salient statistics143
Consumption144
Trade145
Oceania160
Salient statistics161
Trade162
Bibliography164

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