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Chemical Economics Handbook

Fibers, Specialty Organic

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Introduction5
High-performance fibers9
Aramid fibers11
Description11
Manufacturing processes11
meta-Aramids11
para-Aramids12
Producing companies13
Production17
Consumption18
meta-Aramids19
Paper20
Textiles20
para-Aramids21
Protective fabrics21
Rubber reinforcement22
Asbestos replacement22
Composites23
Ropes and cables23
Other24
Price24
Trade25
Fluoropolymers25
Description25
Manufacturing processes26
Producing companies26
Price29
Trade30
Polybenzimidazole (PBI) fibers30
High-strength polyethylene fibers31
Manufacturing processes31
Producing companies32
Production35
Consumption35
Price37
Trade37
Polyimide38
Manufacturing processes38
Producing companies38
Consumption40
Price41
Trade41
Polyamideimide41
Description41
Producing companies41
Consumption42
Price43
Oxidized polyacrylonitrile fibers43
Description43
Producing companies43
Production45
Consumption45
Price46
Trade46
Novoloid fibers47
Description47
Producing companies47
Production47
Consumption48
Price49
Liquid crystal polymer fibers49
Description49
Producing companies49
Production51
Consumption51
Price52
Trade52
Other high-performance fibers53
Polyphenylene sulfide fibers53
Description53
Producing companies53
Consumption55
Price56
Polyetherimide fibers56
Polyetheretherketone fibers57
Melamine fibers59
Modified viscose fibers60
Flame-resistant viscose61
Polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) fibers62
Polyketone fibers62
Specialty textile fibers63
Chlorofibers63
Vinyon63
Description63
Producing companies63
Saran65
Polyvinyl alcohol fibers66
Manufacturing processes66
Producing companies67
Elastomeric fibers70
Spandex70
Description70
Manufacturing processes70
Producing companies72
Production77
Consumption78
Activewear/outerwear79
Hosiery80
Intimate apparel80
Other80
Improved spandex fibers81
Price82
Trade84
Rubber threads86
Description86
Producing companies87
Consumption88
Hosiery applications88
Specialty applications88
Price89
Trade89
Other specialty organic fibers93
Polycarbonate fibers93
Copolymer polyamide fibers94
Promix94
Synthetic pulp94
Special function fibers95
Polymeric optical fibers95
Description95
Manufacturing processes97
Producing companies98
Production100
Consumption100
Price101
Hollow fibers101
Description101
Producing companies102
Consumption104
Hyperfiltration104
Reverse osmosis105
Gas separation106
Ultrafiltration107
Microfiltration108
Dialysis108
Other medical applications109
Appendix—properties of high-performance specialty organic fibers110
Bibliography112

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