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Chemical Economics Handbook

Sodium Carbonate

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary4
Summary5
Capacity6
Production7
Consumption8
Trade 11
Introduction 13
Manufacturing processes 14
Natural 14
Synthetic 15
Solvay (ammonia soda) process 15
Hou process 17
Other processes 18
Industry structure 19
Production economics 19
Barriers to entry/exit 19
Environmental issues 20
Supply and demand by region 21
World 21
Capacity 21
Salient statistics 23
Consumption 25
Glass 27
STPP, soaps, and detergents 28
Chemicals 29
Alumina and metal mining 30
Pulp and paper 30
Other 30
Trade 31
North America 32
Capacity 32
Salient statistics 32
Consumption 33
Trade 34
United States 35
Producing companies 35
Salient statistics 36
Consumption 37
Trade 38
Canada 39
Producing companies 39
Salient statistics 39
Consumption 40
Trade 40
Mexico 41
Producing companies 41
Salient statistics 41
Consumption 42
Trade 43
South America 43
Producing companies 43
Salient statistics 43
Consumption 44
Trade 47
Western Europe 48
Producing companies 48
Salient statistics 50
Consumption 51
Trade 53
Central Europe 54
Producing companies 54
Salient statistics 55
Consumption 57
Trade 59
CIS and Baltic States 61
Producing companies 61
Salient statistics 63
Consumption 64
Trade 66
Middle East 68
Producing companies 68
Salient statistics 70
Consumption 72
Trade 73
Africa 76
Producing companies 76
Salient statistics 77
Consumption 79
Trade 81
Southwest Asia 82
Producing companies 82
Salient statistics 84
Consumption 86
Trade 88
Northeast Asia 89
Capacity 90
Salient statistics 92
Consumption 93
Trade 95
Southeast Asia 97
Producing companies 97
Salient statistics 98
Consumption 99
Trade 101
Bibliography 103

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