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Chemical Economics Handbook

Sodium Carbonate

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary5
Introduction7
Manufacturing processes8
Natural8
Synthetic9
Solvay (ammonia soda) process10
Hou process11
Other processes11
Industry structure13
Production economics13
Barriers to entry/exit13
Environmental issues14
Supply and demand by region15
World15
Capacity15
Salient statistics17
Consumption18
Glass20
STPP, soaps, and detergents22
Chemicals23
Alumina and metal mining23
Pulp and paper24
Other24
Trade25
North America26
Capacity26
Salient statistics26
Consumption27
Trade28
United States28
Producing companies28
Salient statistics29
Consumption30
Trade31
Canada32
Producing companies32
Salient statistics32
Consumption33
Trade34
Mexico35
Producing companies35
Salient statistics35
Consumption36
Trade36
South America37
Producing companies37
Salient statistics37
Consumption38
Trade39
Western Europe40
Producing companies40
Salient statistics42
Consumption42
Trade44
Central Europe45
Producing companies45
Salient statistics45
Consumption46
Trade47
CIS and Baltic States47
Producing companies47
Salient statistics48
Consumption49
Trade50
Middle East50
Producing companies50
Salient statistics51
Consumption52
Trade53
Africa54
Producing companies54
Salient statistics54
Consumption55
Trade56
Indian Subcontinent57
Producing companies57
Salient statistics58
Consumption59
Trade60
Northeast Asia61
Capacity61
Salient statistics61
Consumption62
Trade63
China63
Producing companies64
Salient statistics67
Consumption68
Trade69
Japan70
Producing companies70
Salient statistics70
Consumption71
Trade72
South Korea72
Producing companies72
Salient statistics72
Consumption73
Trade74
Taiwan74
Producing companies74
Salient statistics74
Consumption75
Trade76
Other Northeast Asia76
Southeast Asia76
Producing companies76
Salient statistics77
Consumption78
Trade79
Bibliography80

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