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Chemical Economics Handbook

Silicates and Silicas

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary12
Sodium silicates12
Potassium silicates13
Calcium silicates14
Magnesium silicates15
Zirconium silicates15
Ethyl silicate16
Specialty silicas16
Precipitated silica17
Silica gel18
Colloidal silica (silica sol)18
Fumed silica19
Fused silica20
Introduction20
Industry structure and dynamics20
Sodium silicates21
Siliceous sodium silicates21
Solid21
Liquid22
Alkaline sodium silicates22
Potassium silicates23
Other silicates23
Precipitated silica24
Silica gel24
Colloidal silica25
Fumed silica25
Fused silica26
Manufacturing processes26
Sodium and potassium silicates26
Other silicates27
Silicas28
Precipitated silica28
Silica gel28
Colloidal silica (silica sol)28
Fumed silica29
Fused silica29
Environmental issues29
Supply and demand by region30
United States30
Sodium silicates31
Producing companies31
Salient statistics32
Production33
Consumption34
Derivative chemicals36
Detergents, soaps and cleaners37
Pulp and paper38
Other38
Price39
Trade40
Potassium silicates42
Producing companies42
Salient statistics42
Consumption43
Welding rods43
Other binder uses44
Detergent builder and other44
Price44
Calcium silicates45
Producing companies45
Salient statistics46
Consumption46
Rubber compounding47
Pesticide carrier47
Other48
Price48
Magnesium silicates48
Producing companies48
Salient statistics49
Consumption50
Adsorbent50
Anticaking51
Other51
Price51
Zirconium silicates51
Ethyl silicate52
Producing companies52
Salient statistics52
Consumption53
Paints and coatings54
Investment castings54
Other55
Price55
Precipitated silica55
Producing companies55
Salient statistics56
Consumption57
Elastomers58
Food and health care products58
Batteries59
Agricultural products59
Antifoams60
Catalysts60
Other61
Price61
Silica gel62
Producing companies62
Salient statistics63
Consumption64
Adsorbents/desiccants64
Food and health care products65
Paints and coatings65
Catalysts66
Other66
Trade67
Colloidal silica (silica sol)68
Producing companies68
Salient statistics69
Consumption70
Pulp and paper71
Investment castings72
Refractory binders72
Electronics73
Catalysts, antiblocking agents and other73
Price73
Fumed silica74
Producing companies74
Salient statistics75
Consumption75
Silicones76
Coatings and inks77
CMP77
Polyester resins77
Adhesives and sealants78
Other78
Price78
Fused silica79
Producing companies79
Salient statistics80
Consumption80
Investment castings81
Other refractories82
Electronics and other82
Price82
Canada83
Sodium silicates83
Producing companies83
Salient statistics83
Consumption84
Pulp and paper84
Detergents, soaps and cleaners85
Other85
Price86
Trade86
Potassium silicates87
Producing companies87
Salient statistics88
Consumption88
Price89
Other specialty silicas90
Mexico91
Sodium silicates91
Producing companies91
Salient statistics92
Consumption93
Price93
Trade94
Potassium silicates95
Producing companies95
Salient statistics95
Price96
Precipitated silica96
Producing companies96
Salient statistics97
Consumption97
Price98
Silica gel99
Producing companies99
Salient statistics99
Colloidal silica100
Producing companies100
Salient statistics100
Fumed silica100
Producing companies100
Salient statistics101
Central and South America101
Sodium silicates101
Producers101
Salient statistics103
Consumption104
Trade105
Potassium silicate105
Producers105
Salient statistics106
Calcium silicate108
Producers108
Salient statistics109
Magnesium silicate110
Producers110
Salient statistics111
Consumption112
Zirconium silicate112
Producers112
Salient statistics113
Consumption114
Precipitated silica115
Producers115
Salient statistics115
Consumption116
Silica gel116
Salient statistics117
Consumption118
Colloidal silica (silica sol)119
Salient statistics119
Fumed silica120
Western Europe120
Sodium silicates121
Producing companies121
Salient statistics123
Consumption125
Derivative chemicals129
Detergents, soaps and cleaners130
Pulp and paper130
Other direct uses131
Price131
Trade132
Potassium silicates133
Producing companies133
Salient statistics134
Production135
Consumption135
Construction industry136
Welding rods136
Detergents137
Molecular sieves137
Other137
Price137
Trade138
Calcium silicates138
Producing companies138
Salient statistics139
Price140
Magnesium silicates140
Producing companies140
Salient statistics141
Price141
Ethyl silicate142
Producing companies142
Salient statistics143
Precipitated silica143
Producing companies143
Salient statistics144
Consumption145
Elastomers146
Detergent and cosmetic auxiliaries147
Carrier material and free-flow agents147
Polymers and plastic products147
Other147
Price147
Silica gel148
Producing companies148
Salient statistics149
Production149
Consumption150
Food applications150
Adsorbents and desiccants151
Paint and coatings151
Plastics and textiles151
Pharmaceutical tableting151
Other151
Price151
Colloidal silica (silica sol)152
Producing companies152
Salient statistics153
Consumption154
Ceramics155
Coatings156
Pulp and paper156
Electronics157
Beverage clarification157
Textile processing157
Batteries157
Catalysts157
Concrete and mortar157
Cosmetics157
Leather treatment158
Pigment formulations158
Plastic additive158
Refractory158
Adhesives158
Cleaning products158
Other158
Price159
Fumed silica159
Producing companies159
Salient statistics160
Production160
Consumption161
Silicones161
Paints and coatings162
Resin applications162
Adhesives and sealants162
Industrial inks162
Other162
Price162
Fused silica163
Producing companies163
Salient statistics164
Consumption164
Trade164
Central Europe165
Sodium silicates165
Producing companies165
Salient statistics166
Consumption167
Potassium silicate168
Precipitated silica168
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)168
Sodium silicates168
Producing companies168
Salient statistics169
Consumption169
Trade170
Precipitated silica170
Middle East and Africa171
Sodium silicates171
Producing companies171
Salient statistics172
Consumption172
Trade173
Precipitated silica174
Fumed silica174
Producing companies174
Salient statistics174
Consumption175
Japan176
Sodium silicates176
Producing companies176
Salient statistics177
Production177
Consumption178
Civil engineering180
Derivative chemicals181
Pulp and paper181
Detergent builders181
Other181
Price182
Trade182
Potassium silicates183
Producing companies183
Salient statistics184
Production184
Consumption185
Detergent builders185
Paint additives186
Welding rods186
Price186
Trade186
Calcium silicates187
Magnesium silicates187
Precipitated silica187
Producing companies187
Salient statistics188
Consumption189
Elastomers190
Agricultural products191
Paper191
Other191
Price191
Trade192
Silica gel192
Producing companies192
Salient statistics193
Consumption193
Desiccants194
Other194
Price194
Trade194
Colloidal silica194
Producing companies194
Salient statistics195
Consumption196
CMP (chemical mechanical planarization)196
Catalysts196
Other197
Price197
Trade197
Fumed silica197
Producing companies197
Salient statistics197
Consumption198
Silicone elastomers199
CMP199
Other199
Price199
Trade199
Fused silica200
Producing companies200
Salient statistics200
Consumption201
Electronic encapsulants202
Refractories and other202
Price202
Trade202
China202
Sodium silicates202
Producing companies202
Salient statistics207
Consumption207
Precipitated silica208
Silica gel208
Pulp and paper209
Detergent industry209
Other209
Price209
Trade210
Potassium silicate214
Calcium silicate214
Magnesium silicate214
Zirconium silicate214
Ethyl silicate214
Precipitated silica (white carbon)215
Producing companies215
Salient statistics217
Consumption218
Trade220
Silica gel220
Producing companies220
Salient statistics221
Other specialty silicas222
Colloidal silica225
Fumed silica226
Salient statistics226
Consumption227
Trade227
Fused silica227
Other Asia228
Sodium silicates228
Producing companies228
Production229
Trade229
Potassium silicate231
Calcium silicate231
Magnesium silicate231
Zirconium silicate231
Ethyl silicate232
Precipitated silica232
Silica gel233
Other specialty silicas234
Colloidal silica235
Fumed silica235
Fused silica235
Bibliography235

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