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Chemical Economics Handbook

Potash

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary6
Introduction8
Geological occurrence, mining, and beneficiation10
Geological occurrence10
Beneficiation12
Potassium chloride12
Potassium sulfate13
Potassium sulfate ores13
Langbeinite ore13
Kainite ore13
Hartsalz ore13
Potassium sulfate manufacture13
Mannheim process13
Hargreaves process14
Trona process (from Searles Lake brines)14
Potassium magnesium sulfate14
Potassium nitrate15
Nitric acid and potassium chloride15
Sodium nitrate and potassium chloride16
Nitrogen dioxide and potassium chloride16
Ammonium nitrate and potassium chloride16
Phosphoric, nitric acids, and potassium chloride16
Phosphoric acid, ammonium nitrate, and potassium chloride17
Environmental issues17
Supply and demand by region17
World17
Reserves17
Salient statistics18
Capacity19
Production20
Consumption21
Price22
Trade23
United States24
Producing companies24
Salient statistics27
Production28
Consumption30
Fertilizer30
Industrial31
Price32
Trade34
Canada36
Producing companies36
Salient statistics40
Production41
Consumption42
Price43
Trade44
Mexico44
Producing companies44
Salient statistics44
Consumption45
Trade45
Latin America46
Producing companies46
Salient statistics48
Production49
Consumption50
Trade51
Western Europe52
Producing companies52
Salient statistics58
Production59
Consumption59
Price60
Trade61
Central Europe62
Producing companies62
Salient statistics62
Consumption63
Trade64
Eastern Europe65
Producing companies65
Salient statistics71
Production72
Consumption73
Price74
Trade74
Middle East75
Producing companies75
Salient statistics78
Production79
Consumption80
Price81
Trade81
Africa83
Producing companies83
Salient statistics85
Consumption86
Trade86
China87
Producing companies87
Salient statistics90
Production91
Consumption93
Price94
Trade95
Japan96
Producing companies96
Salient statistics96
Consumption97
Trade98
Southwest Asia98
Producing companies98
Salient statistics98
Consumption99
Trade100
Southeast Asia and Northeast Asia102
Producing companies102
Salient statistics103
Consumption104
Trade105
Oceania107
Producing companies107
Salient statistics107
Consumption108
Trade109
Bibliography111

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