Customer Logins

Obtain the data you need to make the most informed decisions by accessing our extensive portfolio of information, analytics, and expertise. Sign in to the product or service center of your choice.

Top Sites

Chemical Economics Handbook

Phosphorus and Phosphorus Chemicals

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary8
Summary9
Introduction 14
Manufacturing processes 19
Phosphorus (P4) 19
Raw materials 19
Process efficiency 19
By-products 19
Basic phosphorus chemicals 20
Phosphorus trichloride (PCl3) 20
Phosphorus pentasulfide (P2S5) 20
Phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5) 20
Sodium hypophosphite (NaH2PO2·H2O) 20
Hypophosphorous acid (phosphinic acid) 21
Inorganic derivatives of phosphorus trichloride 21
Phosphorus oxychloride 21
Phosphorus sulfochloride 21
Phosphorus pentachloride 21
Phosphorous acid (phosphonic acid) 21
Environmental issues 23
Supply and demand by region 25
United States 25
Elemental phosphorus 25
Producing companies 25
Salient statistics 26
Consumption 27
Miscellaneous chemicals and alloys 28
Direct uses 28
Price 28
Trade 29
Phosphorus chloride and phosphorus oxychloride 30
Producing companies 30
Salient statistics 31
Consumption 33
Pesticides 36
Surfactants and sequestrants 36
Plastics and elastomer additives 38
Functional fluids 40
Lubricating oil additives 41
Other 41
Price 43
Trade 43
Phosphorus pentasulfide 45
Producing companies 45
Salient statistics 45
Consumption 46
Lubricating oil additives 47
Pesticides 47
Flotation reagents 48
Other 48
Price 48
Trade 49
Phosphorus pentoxide 49
Producing companies 49
Salient statistics 50
Consumption 50
Surfactants 51
Plastics and elastomer additives/catalysts 52
Lube oil additives 52
Other 52
Price 52
Trade 53
Sodium hypophosphite 53
Producing companies 53
Salient statistics 53
Consumption 53
Price 54
Trade 54
Canada 54
Producing companies 54
Consumption 55
Trade 55
Mexico 57
Producing companies 57
Consumption 57
Trade 57
Western Europe 58
Summary 58
Elemental (yellow) phosphorus 59
Producing companies 59
Salient statistics 60
Production 60
Consumption 60
Price 62
Trade 63
Imports 63
Exports 63
Red phosphorus 64
Producing companies 64
Production 65
Consumption 65
Flame retardants 65
Safety matches 66
Civil and military pyrotechnics 66
Metallurgy 66
Price 66
Phosphorus trichloride and oxychloride 66
Producing companies 66
Salient statistics 67
Production 68
Consumption 68
Phosphorus trichloride 68
Phosphorus oxychloride 69
Phosphorus sulfochloride 69
Price 69
Trade 70
Phosphorus pentasulfide 70
Producing companies 70
Production 71
Consumption 71
Insecticides 71
Lubricating oil additives 71
Other 72
Price 72
Trade 72
Phosphorus pentoxide 72
Producing companies 72
Salient statistics 72
Production 73
Consumption 73
Price 73
Trade 73
Imports 73
Exports 74
Sodium hypophosphite 74
Producing companies 74
Production 75
Consumption 75
Price 75
Trade 75
Central and Eastern Europe 75
Elemental phosphorus 76
Producing companies 76
Salient statistics 76
Production 77
Consumption 77
Price 77
Trade 78
Imports 78
Exports 78
Phosphorus chlorides 79
Producing companies 79
Poland 79
Romania 79
Russia 79
Consumption 79
Hungary 79
Poland 80
Russia 80
Other 80
Trade 80
Phosphorus pentasulfide 80
Producing companies 80
Production 81
Romania 81
Russia 81
Consumption 81
Poland 81
Romania 81
Russia 81
Trade 81
Japan 82
Elemental (yellow) phosphorus 82
Producing companies 82
Salient statistics 82
Consumption 83
Price 83
Trade 84
Red phosphorus 84
Producing companies 84
Consumption 85
Price 86
Trade 86
Phosphorus trichloride 86
Producing companies 86
Production 86
Consumption 87
Price 88
Trade 89
Phosphorus oxychloride 89
Producing companies 89
Production 90
Consumption 91
Price 92
Trade 92
Phosphorus pentachloride 93
Phosphorus pentasulfide 93
Producing companies 93
Production 94
Consumption 94
Price 94
Trade 95
Phosphorus pentoxide 95
Producing companies 95
Production 95
Consumption 96
Price 97
Trade 98
Sodium hypophosphite 99
Producing companies 99
Production 99
Consumption 99
Price 100
Trade 100
China 101
Yellow phosphorus 101
Producing companies101
Salient statistics 103
Consumption 104
Thermal acid 105
Phosphorus trichloride 105
Other 106
Price 106
Trade 107
Red phosphorus 108
Producing companies 108
Salient statistics 108
Consumption 108
Flame retardants 109
Pesticides 109
Metallurgy 109
Safety matches 109
Other 109
Price 109
Trade 110
Phosphorus trichloride 110
Producing companies 110
Salient statistics 112
Consumption 113
Pesticides 113
Phosphorus oxychloride 115
Other 116
Price 116
Trade 116
Phosphorus oxychloride 117
Producing companies 117
Salient statistics 118
Consumption 118
Flame retardants 119
Pharmaceuticals 119
Pesticides 120
Other 120
Price 120
Trade 120
Phosphorus pentasulfide 121
Producing companies 121
Production 121
Consumption 122
Pesticides 122
Lubricating oil additives 122
Price 122
Trade 122
Phosphorus pentoxide 123
Producing companies 123
Salient statistics 124
Consumption 124
High-purity phosphates 125
Desiccants 125
Surfactants 125
Price 125
Trade 125
Sodium hypophosphite 127
Producing companies 127
Production 127
Consumption 127
Electroless nickel plating 128
Water treatment 128
Food 128
Other 128
Price 128
Trade 128
Other Asia 129
Producing companies 129
India 129
Vietnam 130
Salient statistics 130
Yellow phosphorus 130
Phosphorus trichloride 131
Consumption 131
Trade 132
Yellow phosphorus 132
Red phosphorus 132
Phosphorus trichloride 133
Phosphorus oxychloride 134
Phosphorus pentachloride 135
Bibliography 136

Filter Sort