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Chemical Economics Handbook

Phosphoric Acid

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary6
Americas7
Europe7
Middle East and Africa7
China8
Other Asia8
Introduction8
Manufacturing processes10
General10
Manufacturing technology11
Sulfuric acid route11
Hydrochloric acid route12
Nitric acid route13
Raw materials14
Phosphate rock14
Sulfuric acid14
Other materials14
By-products15
Gypsum15
Fluorine15
Uranium16
Concentration16
Clarification16
Defluorination17
Refining (purification)17
Properties17
Regulations19
Detergents19
Food19
Feed20
Other20
Environmental issues20
Supply and demand by region21
World21
Producing companies23
Capacity and production24
Consumption26
Price28
Trade29
United States31
Producing companies31
Production capacity32
Salient statistics33
Production33
Consumption34
Fertilizer use35
Animal feeds35
Industrial uses36
Price36
Trade37
Canada39
Producing companies39
Salient statistics39
Consumption40
Price41
Mexico42
Producing companies42
Salient statistics42
Consumption43
Latin America44
Producing companies44
Production capacity46
Salient statistics46
Production47
Consumption48
Price49
Trade50
Western Europe51
Producing companies51
Production capacity53
Salient statistics55
Production56
Consumption58
Price59
Trade61
Central Europe62
Producing companies62
Production capacity63
Salient statistics64
Production65
Consumption67
Price67
Trade68
Eastern Europe69
Producing companies69
Production capacity72
Salient statistics73
Production74
Consumption76
Price76
Trade77
Middle East77
Producing companies77
Production capacity80
Salient statistics80
Production81
Consumption82
Price83
Trade84
Africa85
Producing companies85
Production capacity88
Salient statistics89
Production90
Consumption91
Price92
Trade93
China94
Producing companies94
Salient statistics100
Production100
Consumption101
Fertilizer102
DAP102
MAP102
TSP103
Direct/other103
Animal feeds103
DCP103
MCP103
MDCP103
Industrial and other103
Direct PA use104
STPP104
Other sodium phosphates105
Calcium phosphates105
Potassium phosphate105
Other105
Price105
Trade106
Japan108
Producing companies108
Production capacity109
Salient statistics109
Consumption110
Price111
Trade112
Southwest Asia112
Producing companies112
Production capacity114
Salient statistics115
Production115
Consumption116
Price117
Trade118
Southeast Asia and Northeast Asia119
Producing companies119
Production capacity121
Salient statistics122
Production122
Consumption123
Price124
Trade124
Oceania126
Producing companies126
Salient statistics127
Consumption127
Price128
Trade129
Bibliography130

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