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Chemical Economics Handbook

Petrochemical Industry Overview

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary7
Introduction9
Industry trends/market drivers 10
Supply and demand by region 11
World 11
Sources of basic petrochemicals 11
Crude oil 11
Coal 12
Natural gas 13
Natural gas liquids 13
Capacity 14
Production 17
Developed regions 18
Developing regions 18
Future growth patterns 19
Downstream 19
Methanol 19
Ammonia 21
Olefins 22
Ethylene 23
Propylene 24
Butadiene 24
Aromatics 25
Benzene 25
Toluene 26
Xylene 27
Price 28
Trade 29
Imports 29
Exports 29
North America 30
Sources of basic petrochemicals 30
Coal-derived chemicals 32
Crude petroleum–based chemicals 32
Natural gas–derived chemicals 32
Natural gas liquids–derived chemicals 33
Supply of basic petrochemicals by type of feedstock 33
Methanol 33
Olefins 35
Ethylene 36
Propylene 38
Butadiene 38
Aromatics 39
Benzene 41
Toluene 42
Xylene 42
Production 43
Consumption 43
Trade 44
South America 45
Sources of basic petrochemicals 46
Supply of basic petrochemicals by type of feedstock 48
Methanol 48
Olefins 49
Ethylene 50
Propylene 51
Butadiene 51
Aromatics 52
Benzene 53
Toluene 54
Xylene 54
Production 55
Consumption 56
Trade 56
Western Europe 57
Sources of basic petrochemicals 57
Supply of basic petrochemicals by type of feedstock 59
Methanol 59
Olefins 60
Ethylene 60
Propylene 61
Butadiene 62
Aromatics 63
Benzene 64
Toluene 65
Xylene 65
Production 66
Consumption 67
Trade 67
Central Europe 68
Source of basic petrochemicals 68
Supply of basic petrochemicals by type of feedstock 70
Methanol 70
Olefins 70
Ethylene 71
Propylene 72
Butadiene 72
Aromatics 73
Benzene 73
Toluene 74
Xylene 74
Production 75
Consumption 75
Trade 76
CIS and Baltic States 77
Source of basic petrochemicals 77
Supply of basic petrochemicals by type of feedstock 79
Methanol 79
Olefins 79
Ethylene 80
Propylene 81
Butadiene 81
Aromatics 82
Benzene 83
Toluene 83
Xylene 83
Production 84
Consumption 84
Trade 85
Middle East 86
Sources of basic petrochemicals 86
Supply of basic petrochemicals by type of feedstock 88
Methanol 88
Olefins 89
Ethylene 90
Propylene 91
Butadiene 91
Aromatics 92
Benzene 93
Toluene 94
Xylene 94
Production 95
Consumption 96
Trade 96
Africa 97
Source of basic petrochemicals 97
Supply of basic petrochemicals by type of feedstock 99
Methanol 99
Olefins 99
Ethylene 100
Propylene 101
Butadiene 101
Aromatics 101
Benzene 102
Toluene 103
Xylene 103
Production 103
Consumption 104
Trade 105
Indian subcontinent 105
Sources of basic petrochemicals 105
Supply of basic petrochemicals by type of feedstock 107
Methanol 107
Olefins 107
Ethylene 108
Propylene 109
Butadiene 109
Aromatics 110
Benzene 111
Toluene 112
Xylene 112
Production 112
Consumption 113
Trade 114
Northeast Asia 114
Source of basic petrochemicals 114
Supply of basic petrochemicals by type of feedstock 116
Methanol 116
Olefins 117
Ethylene 117
Propylene 118
Butadiene 118
Aromatics 119
Benzene 120
Toluene 121
Xylene 121
Production 122
Consumption 122
Trade 123
China 123
Sources of basic petrochemicals 123
Supply of basic petrochemicals by type of feedstock 126
Methanol 126
Olefins 126
Ethylene 127
Propylene 128
Butadiene 130
Aromatics 131
Benzene 132
Toluene 132
Xylene 132
Production 133
Consumption 134
Trade 134
Japan 135
Sources of basic petrochemicals 135
Supply of basic petrochemicals by type of feedstock 138
Methanol 138
Olefins 138
Ethylene 139
Propylene 139
Butadiene 140
Aromatics 140
Benzene 141
Toluene 142
Xylene 142
Production 143
Consumption 144
Trade 145
Southeast Asia 145
Sources of basic petrochemicals 145
Supply of basic petrochemicals by type of feedstock 147
Methanol 147
Olefins 147
Ethylene 148
Propylene 149
Butadiene 149
Aromatics 150
Benzene 151
Toluene 152
Xylene 152
Production 152
Consumption 153
Trade 154
Bibliography 155

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