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Chemical Economics Handbook

Nitric Acid

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary6
Introduction8
Manufacturing process9
Basic process9
Process variations10
Catalysts10
Operating pressures10
Oxidation, absorption and concentration10
Environmental issues11
Supply and demand by region13
World13
Capacity13
Supply/demand15
Production17
Consumption19
Ammonium nitrate (including calcium ammonium nitrate)24
Nitrobenzene24
Toluene diisocyanate (TDI)25
Adipic acid25
Nitrophosphate (nitric phosphate fertilizers)25
Sodium/potassium and other nitrates25
Nitrochlorobenzene25
Other26
Trade26
North America28
Capacity28
Salient statistics30
Production31
Consumption32
United States33
Producing companies33
Salient statistics36
Consumption37
Ammonium nitrate38
Adipic acid39
Nitrobenzene39
Toluene diisocyanate39
Metal treatment40
Metal nitrates40
Other41
Price42
Trade43
Canada45
Producing companies45
Salient statistics46
Consumption47
Price49
Mexico49
Producing companies49
Salient statistics51
Consumption52
Latin America53
Producing companies53
Capacity55
Salient statistics56
Consumption57
Trade59
Western Europe60
Producing companies60
Capacity64
Salient statistics66
Consumption67
Price68
Trade69
Central Europe72
Producing companies72
Capacity74
Salient statistics75
Consumption76
Trade77
Eastern Europe79
Producing companies79
Capacity82
Salient statistics83
Consumption84
Trade85
Middle East87
Producing companies87
Capacity89
Salient statistics90
Consumption91
Trade92
Africa94
Producing companies94
Capacity97
Salient statistics97
Consumption98
Trade99
Japan101
Producing companies101
Salient statistics102
Consumption103
Price105
China106
Producing companies106
Salient statistics111
Consumption112
Price114
Southwest Asia114
Producing companies114
Capacity116
Salient statistics117
Production118
Consumption119
Trade120
Southeast Asia122
Producing companies122
Capacity123
Salient statistics124
Production125
Consumption126
Trade128
Oceania129
Producing companies129
Capacity131
Salient statistics131
Consumption132
Trade133
Bibliography135

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