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Chemical Economics Handbook

Natural Gas

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary4
Summary5
Introduction 10
Natural gas 10
Shale formation fracturing 11
Liquefied natural gas (LNG) 11
Natural gas and the environment 15
Benefits 15
Environmental concerns with shale fracking 15
Supply and demand by region 17
World 17
Proved reserves 17
Natural gas 17
Shale gas 19
Production 20
Consumption 24
Trade 25
United States 28
Proved reserves 28
Natural gas 28
History of the development of US shale gas 29
Major shale formations 30
Salient statistics 31
Consumption 34
Electric utility plants 36
Industrial 37
Fuel use in industry 38
Chemical feedstock 38
Residential 51
Commercial 51
Other 51
Price 51
Trade 53
Canada 56
Proved reserves and production 56
Consumption 57
Trade 58
Mexico 58
Central and South America 59
Proved reserves 59
Production and consumption 59
Western Europe 60
Overview of the industry 60
Proved reserves 61
Production 62
Consumption 63
Residential and commercial sector 66
Industrial 66
Chemical industry 66
Chemical-related industries 68
Other 69
Electricity generation 69
Price 70
Trade 70
Natural gas 70
Liquefied natural gas (LNG) 72
Russia 73
Proved reserves 73
Production 74
Consumption 74
Price 75
Trade 75
Middle East 77
Proved reserves 77
Production and consumption 77
Asia and Oceania 79
Overview 79
Consumption 79
Trade 79
China 80
Proved reserves 80
Production and consumption 80
Trade 82
Japan 82
India 82
Other Asia and Oceania 82
Bibliography 83

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