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Chemical Economics Handbook

Natural Fatty Acids

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary7
Introduction11
Manufacturing processes12
Raw material sources and types of fatty acids13
Tallow14
Tall oil fatty acids15
Coconut and palm kernel16
Soybean16
Other17
Environmental issues17
Supply and demand by region17
North America17
Producing companies17
Fat and oil splitting18
Akzo Nobel20
Emery Oleochemicals20
P&G20
PMC20
Twin Rivers21
Vantage Oleochemicals21
VVF21
TOFA21
Arizona Chemical Company23
Ashland23
Eastman Chemical Company23
Georgia-Pacific Chemicals23
MeadWestvaco24
Salient statistics24
Consumption27
Fatty amine derivatives (via nitrile route)33
Quaternary ammonium salts33
Amines, diamines, and ethoxylated amines34
Other fatty acid derivatives35
Esters35
Metal salts36
Monomer/dimer/trimer acids38
Ester quats39
Anionic specialty surfactants40
Fatty acid–polyamine condensates and their quats40
Fatty acid amides41
Amphoteric surfactants42
Shorter-chain fatty acid production (ozonolysis)42
Alkyl ketene dimer43
Oleic/linoleic acids from tall oil fatty acids43
Other43
Fatty acids used as such or as alkali metal salts43
Cosmetics, soaps, polishes and household and industrial cleaners43
Emulsion polymerization44
Alkyd resins44
Rubber compounding45
Crayons, candles45
Animal feed45
Mining45
Buffing compounds45
Other fatty acids46
Price46
Trade48
Imports48
Exports49
Mexico50
Central and South America50
Western Europe50
Producing companies50
Fat and oil splitting50
TOFA55
Regulatory issues59
Salient statistics60
Consumption64
Fatty amine derivatives (via nitrile route)66
Quaternary ammonium salts66
Amines, diamines, and ethoxylated amines66
Other fatty acid derivatives66
Esters66
Ester quats67
Metal salts67
Monomer/dimer/trimer acids68
Fatty alcohols68
Amphoteric surfactants/betaine68
Fatty acid amides69
Fatty acid–polyamine condensates and their quats69
Fatty acids used as such69
Cosmetics, soaps, polishes, and household and industrial cleaners70
Emulsion polymerization70
Alkyd resins71
Rubber compounding71
Crayons, waxes, candles71
Animal feed71
Mining71
Other fatty acids71
Price72
Trade73
Imports73
Exports75
Central and Eastern Europe75
Producing companies75
Salient statistics76
Consumption78
Trade78
Imports78
Exports79
Middle East80
Producing companies80
Salient statistics80
Consumption82
Trade82
Imports82
Exports82
Africa83
Producing companies83
Salient statistics84
Consumption85
Trade85
Imports85
Exports85
Asian producing companies86
Japan87
Producing companies87
New Japan Chemical Co., Ltd89
Kao Corporation89
NOF Corporation89
Miyoshi Oil & Fat89
Salient statistics90
Consumption93
Fatty amine derivatives (via nitrile route)95
Other fatty acid derivatives96
Esters and specialty surfactants96
Metal salts (calcium, zinc, magnesium, and aluminum stearates)96
Monomer/dimer/trimer acids98
Fatty acid amides (including fatty alkanolamides)98
Other metal salts (lead, barium, cadmium, and other stearates)98
Other derivatives98
Fatty acids used as such or as alkali metal salts99
Soap and cleaners99
Rubber processing99
Emulsion polymerization99
Alkyd resins99
Detergents99
Lubricants, grease, and waxes100
Other fatty acids100
Price100
Trade101
Other Asia103
China105
Producing companies105
Salient statistics107
Price107
Trade108
India109
Producing companies109
Trade111
Indonesia112
Producing companies112
PT Cisadane Raya Chemical114
PT Sumi Asih114
PT Sinar Oleochemical International (Soci Mas)114
PT Ecogreen Oleochemicals115
PT Musim Mas115
PT Wilmar Bioenergi Indonesia115
Price115
Trade116
Malaysia118
Producing companies118
Price120
Trade120
Philippines122
Producing companies122
United Coconut Chemicals Inc123
Pan Century Surfactants Inc.123
Trade123
South Korea125
Producing companies125
Price126
Trade127
Taiwan129
Producing companies129
Trade130
Thailand132
Producing companies132
Trade133
Australia135
Producing companies135
Trade135
Bibliography137

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