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Chemical Economics Handbook

Lactic Acid, Its Salts and Esters

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary5
Introduction9
Manufacturing processes10
Fermentation lactic acid10
Synthetic lactic acid11
Future production technology11
Environmental issues13
Regulatory status14
United States14
Europe14
China16
Japan16
Supply and demand by region18
United States18
Producing companies18
Cargill18
Corbion18
Salt and ester producers19
Salient statistics19
Production20
Consumption20
Polylactic acid21
Industrial applications22
Food and beverages23
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products24
Price25
Trade26
Imports26
Exports28
Canada29
Salient statistics29
Consumption30
Trade30
Mexico31
Salient statistics31
Consumption32
Trade32
Central and South America34
Producing companies34
Salient statistics35
Consumption35
Trade36
Western Europe37
Producing companies37
Cellulac38
Corbion (Purac)38
Galactic39
Jungbunzlauer39
Plaxica39
Salient statistics39
Production40
Consumption41
Polylactic acid42
Industrial applications44
Food and beverages45
Animal feed additives46
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products47
Price47
Trade48
Imports48
Exports49
Central and Eastern Europe50
Salient statistics50
Consumption52
Middle East52
Salient statistics52
Consumption53
Africa53
Salient statistics53
Consumption54
China55
Producing companies55
Salient statistics56
Consumption56
Food and beverages57
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products57
Polylactic acid57
Industrial applications58
Price58
Trade58
Japan61
Producing companies61
Salient statistics61
Consumption62
Food and beverages63
Industrial applications63
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products64
Polylactic acid64
Musashino Chemical Laboratory65
Teijin65
Toyobo65
Price65
Trade66
Other Asia68
Producing companies68
Corbion69
NatureWorks LLC70
Salient statistics70
Consumption72
Trade73
Oceania73
Salient statistics73
Consumption73
Bibliography74

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