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Chemical Economics Handbook

Phosphates, Industrial

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary6
Introduction9
Manufacturing processes15
Thermal phosphoric acid15
Solvent extraction of wet-process phosphoric acid (WPA)15
WPA extraction within water-insoluble solvents16
IMI cleaning process16
Rhodia process16
PRAYON process16
Albright & Wilson process16
WPA extraction within partially water-soluble solvents16
WPA extraction within water-soluble solvents17
Chemical purification of wet-process phosphoric acid (WPA)17
Sodium phosphates17
Calcium phosphates18
Potassium phosphates19
Environmental issues20
Supply and demand by region22
United States22
Overview22
Industrial phosphoric acid24
Producing companies24
Salient statistics25
Consumption25
Food and beverage27
Metal and plastic finishing28
Detergent builders29
Specialty agricultural products29
Water treatment29
Other29
Price31
Trade32
Imports32
Exports33
Sodium phosphates34
Producing companies34
Salient statistics35
Consumption35
Food and beverage37
Detergent builders40
Water treatment43
Metal and plastic finishing44
Dentifrices45
Other45
Price46
Trade47
Imports47
Exports48
Calcium phosphates49
Producing companies49
Salient statistics50
Consumption50
Food and beverage51
Dentifrices53
Other54
Price55
Trade56
Potassium phosphates57
Producing companies57
Salient statistics58
Consumption58
Specialty agricultural products60
Water treatment60
Detergent builders60
Food and beverage61
Dentifrices62
Other63
Price64
Trade64
Ammonium and aluminum phosphates65
Producing companies65
Consumption66
Specialty agricultural products66
Fire extinguishers66
Food and beverage67
Forest fire fighting67
Other67
Aluminum phosphates67
Price67
Trade68
Canada68
Producing companies68
Consumption68
Price70
Trade71
Imports71
Exports73
Mexico76
Producing companies76
Salient statistics77
Consumption77
Price78
Trade78
Brazil78
Producing companies78
Salient statistics79
Consumption80
Price80
Trade80
Western Europe80
Overview80
Industrial phosphoric acid81
Producing companies81
Consumption83
Trade83
Imports83
Exports83
Sodium phosphates84
Producing companies84
Salient statistics84
Consumption85
Sodium tripolyphosphate85
Other86
Trade87
Imports87
Exports87
Calcium phosphates87
Producing companies87
Consumption88
Trade88
Potassium phosphates88
Producing companies88
Consumption89
Trade89
Ammonium phosphates90
Price90
Central Europe91
Overview91
Industrial phosphoric acid91
Producing companies91
Consumption91
Sodium phosphates92
Producing companies92
Salient statistics92
Consumption93
Potassium phosphates93
Commonwealth of Independent States94
Producing companies94
Salient statistics95
Middle East and Africa95
Producing companies95
Trade96
Japan97
Producing companies97
Industrial phosphoric acid99
Salient statistics99
Consumption99
Sodium phosphates100
Salient statistics100
Consumption101
Calcium phosphates102
Salient statistics102
Consumption103
Potassium phosphates104
Salient statistics104
Consumption105
Ammonium phosphates105
Salient statistics105
Consumption106
Price107
China107
Overview107
Phosphoric acid108
Producing companies108
Salient statistics109
Consumption110
Price110
Trade111
Sodium phosphates112
Producing companies112
Salient statistics113
Consumption114
Trade115
Calcium phosphates115
Producing companies115
Salient statistics115
Consumption116
Potassium phosphates116
Producing companies116
Salient statistics117
Consumption117
Ammonium phosphates117
Producing companies117
Salient statistics118
Consumption118
Price118
India118
Producing companies119
Consumption119
Detergents119
Pesticides and agrochemicals (nonfertilizers)120
Other120
Price120
Other Asia120
Bibliography122
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