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Chemical Economics Handbook

Phosphates, Industrial

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary7
Introduction11
Manufacturing Processes20
Thermal Phosphoric Acid20
Solvent Extraction of Wet-Process Phosphoric Acid21
WPA Extraction within Water-Insoluble Solvents21
IMI Cleaning Process21
Rhodia Process21
PRAYON Process21
Albright & Wilson Process22
WPA Extraction Within Partially Water-Soluble Solvents22
WPA Extraction Within Water-Soluble Solvents22
Chemical Purification of Wet-Process Phosphoric Acid (WPA)22
Sodium Phosphates22
Calcium Phosphates24
Potassium Phosphates25
Environmental Issues26
Supply and Demand by Region28
United States28
Overview28
Industrial Phosphoric Acid31
Producing Companies31
Salient Statistics33
Production34
Consumption35
Food and beverage37
Metal and plastic finishing38
Detergent builders39
Specialty agricultural products40
Water treatment40
Other41
Price42
Trade44
Imports44
Exports45
Sodium Phosphates46
Producing Companies46
Salient Statistics49
Production50
Consumption51
Food and beverage53
Detergent builders57
Water treatment61
Metal and plastic finishing62
Dentifrices63
Other64
Price65
Trade66
Imports66
Exports67
Calcium Phosphates68
Producing Companies68
Salient Statistics70
Consumption70
Food and beverage72
Dentifrices74
Other75
Price76
Trade77
Potassium Phosphates78
Producing Companies78
Salient Statistics80
Production80
Consumption81
Specialty agricultural products83
Water treatment83
Detergent builders84
Food and beverage85
Dentifrices86
Other87
Price88
Trade89
Ammonium and Aluminum Phosphates90
Producing Companies90
Consumption90
Specialty agricultural products91
Fire extinguishers91
Food and beverage91
Forest fire fighting92
Other92
Aluminum phosphates92
Price92
Trade93
Canada93
Producing Companies93
Consumption93
Price95
Trade97
Imports97
Exports99
Mexico102
Producing Companies102
Salient Statistics103
Consumption105
Price106
Trade106
Brazil106
Producing Companies106
Salient Statistics107
Consumption108
Price108
Trade109
Western Europe109
Overview109
Industrial Phosphoric Acid109
Producing Companies109
Consumption111
Trade112
Imports112
Exports112
Sodium Phosphates112
Producing Companies112
Salient Statistics114
Consumption114
Sodium tripolyphosphate114
Other116
Trade117
Imports117
Exports117
Calcium Phosphates117
Producing Companies117
Consumption118
Trade119
Potassium Phosphates119
Producing Companies119
Consumption120
Trade120
Ammonium Phosphates120
Price121
Commonwealth Of Independent States123
Producing Companies123
Salient Statistics125
Africa and Middle East125
Producing Companies125
Trade128
Japan128
Producing Companies128
Industrial Phosphoric Acid131
Salient Statistics131
Consumption131
Sodium Phosphates132
Salient Statistics132
Consumption133
Calcium Phosphates135
Salient Statistics135
Consumption135
Potassium Phosphates136
Salient Statistics136
Consumption137
Ammonium Phosphates138
Salient Statistics138
Consumption139
Price140
China140
Producing Companies140
Salient Statistics142
Consumption142
STPP143
Other143
Price144
Trade144
India145
Producing Companies145
Consumption146
Detergents146
Pesticides and Agrochemicals (nonfertilizers)146
Other147
Price147
Other Asia147
Bibliography148
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