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Chemical Economics Handbook

Hydrocolloids

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 6
Summary 7
Americas 10
Europe, Middle East, and Africa 11
Asia and Oceania 12
Industry trends 13
Paper 13
Food 14
Oil and gas production 14
Introduction 15
Products and processes 17
Microbial fermentation products 17
Plant-derived hydrocolloids 17
Tree and shrub exudates 17
Seed extracts 18
Guar gum 18
Locust bean gum 19
Cassia gum 19
Fenugreek gum 19
Psyllium seed gum 19
Tamarind gum 19
Tara gum 20
Seaweed extracts 20
Fruit extracts 21
Grain and root extracts 21
Starches 21
Konjac 22
Animal-derived hydrocolloids 22
Casein from milk 22
Gelatin from skin and bones 23
Hydrocolloid sources 23
Environmental issues 24
Supply and demand by region 25
North America 25
United States 25
Producing companies 25
Native and modified starches 25
Casein 26
Gelatin 26
Other hydrocolloids 27
Production 29
Consumption 29
Native and modified starches 31
Agar 31
Alginates 31
Carrageenan 32
Casein 32
Gelatin 32
Guar gum and derivatives 33
Gum arabic 34
Gum karaya 34
Gum tragacanth 34
Locust bean gum 34
Pectin 35
Xanthan gum 35
Other 36
Price 36
Trade 37
Canada 40
Producing companies 40
Salient statistics 41
Consumption 42
Trade 43
Mexico 43
Producing companies 43
Salient statistics 44
Consumption 45
Trade 46
Central and South America 47
Producing companies 47
Native and modified starches 47
Gelatin 49
Other hydrocolloids 50
Production 51
Consumption 52
Trade 53
Western Europe 54
Producing companies 54
Starches 54
Other hydrocolloids 56
Production 59
Starch 59
Agar 60
Alginates 60
Casein and caseinates 60
Gelatin 61
Guar gum 61
Pectin 61
Consumption 61
Starches and derivatives 62
Food 63
Paper and board 63
Other 64
Other hydrocolloids 64
Agar 64
Alginates 64
Carrageenan 65
Casein and caseinates 65
Gelatin 65
Guar gum and derivatives 66
Gum arabic 68
Locust bean gum 68
Pectin 68
Xanthan gum 69
Price 70
Trade 70
Central and Eastern Europe 71
Producing companies 71
Consumption 72
Middle East and Africa 73
Producing companies 73
Production 73
Consumption 74
Japan 74
Producing companies 74
Consumption 76
Starches and derivatives 77
Other hydrocolloids 78
Agar 78
Alginates 78
Carrageenan 78
Casein and caseinates 78
Curdlan 78
Gelatin 79
Guar gum and guar derivatives 79
Gum arabic 79
Locust bean gum 79
Other seed gum 79
Pectin 80
Pullulan 80
Xanthan gum 80
Other 80
Price 80
Trade 81
China 83
Producing companies 83
Salient statistics 87
Starch 87
Other hydrocolloids 88
Agar, alginates, and carrageenan 88
Casein and caseinates 88
Gelatin 88
Guar gum 89
Pectin 89
Xanthan gum 89
Other 89
Consumption 89
Price 90
Trade 91
India 92
Producing companies 92
Starch 96
Guar gum 97
Psyllium seed gum 97
Tamarind seed gum 97
Salient statistics 97
Consumption 98
Price 99
Trade 100
Other Asia and Oceania 104
Other Asia 106
Producing companies 106
Indonesia 108
Philippines 109
South Korea 109
Thailand 109
Price 109
Trade 111
Starches and derivatives 111
Other hydrocolloids 113
Oceania 117
Producing companies 117
Price 118
Trade 119
Bibliography 121

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