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Chemical Economics Handbook

Hydrochloric Acid

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary5
United States8
Western Europe8
Japan8
China8
Introduction10
Manufacturing processes12
Coproduct hydrochloric acid12
Organic sources12
Inorganic sources14
From chlorine and hydrogen15
From salt and sulfuric acid15
Mannheim process15
Hargreaves process15
Fluidized-bed process15
Waste incineration16
Environmental issues17
Supply and demand by region18
United States18
Producing companies18
Salient statistics22
Production23
Coproduct sources24
Vinyl chloride monomer24
Isocyanates24
Fluorocarbons24
Chlorinated ethanes25
Chlorinated methanes25
Other26
Chlorine and hydrogen26
Consumption27
Anhydrous hydrogen chloride29
Ethylene dichloride29
Methyl chloride (silicones)29
Other29
Aqueous hydrochloric acid (muriatic acid)30
Food30
Oil well acidizing31
Calcium chloride32
Brine treating33
Steel pickling33
Silicones34
Swimming pools34
Other34
Price35
Trade37
Imports37
Exports38
Canada38
Producing companies38
Salient statistics39
Consumption40
Captive42
Merchant42
Oil well acidizing42
Other42
Price42
Trade43
Mexico44
Producing companies44
Salient statistics45
Production45
Consumption46
Captive48
Merchant48
Price48
Trade48
Central and South America49
Producing companies49
Salient statistics51
Production52
Argentina53
Brazil54
Venezuela54
Consumption55
Trade57
Imports57
Exports58
Western Europe58
Producing companies58
Producers58
Analysis71
Salient statistics72
Production73
Consumption74
Organic chemicals75
Inorganic chemicals75
Nonchemical applications76
Price77
Trade77
Central Europe77
Producing companies77
Salient statistics81
Production82
Consumption82
Eastern Europe83
Producing companies83
Salient statistics88
Middle East88
Producing companies88
Salient statistics94
Africa94
Producing companies94
Salient statistics97
Japan97
Producing companies97
Salient statistics98
Production99
Consumption100
Price102
Trade103
China104
Producing companies104
Salient statistics107
Production108
Consumption109
Price109
Trade110
Other Asia110
Producing companies110
Exports112
Consumption113
Trade114
Imports114
Exports114
Bibliography116

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