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Chemical Economics Handbook

Gasoline Octane Improvers/Oxygenates

Table of Contents

Executive summary7
Summary 8
Ethanol 9
Consumption11
Price14
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE)15
Capacity16
Salient statistics18
Consumption18
Price 21
Methanol21
Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE)24
Other oxygenates26
tertiary-Amyl methyl ether (TAME)26
tertiary-Butyl alcohol (TBA)27
Miscellaneous27
Introduction29
Manufacturing processes32
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE)32
tertiary-Butyl alcohol (TBA)33
tertiary-Amyl methyl ether (TAME)34
Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE)35
Lead alkyl antiknock mixes35
Environmental issues37
United States37
Europe37
Middle East and Africa41
Asia42
Supply and demand by region43
United States43
Motor gasoline production and oxygenate demand43
Ethanol44
Producing companies44
Salient statistics51
Consumption51
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE)56
Producing companies56
Salient statistics58
Consumption59
Price60
Trade61
Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE)61
Methanol62
tertiary-Amyl methyl ether (TAME)63
tertiary-Butyl alcohol (TBA)63
Diisopropyl ether (isopropyl ether, DIPE)64
Other ethers64
Methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT)64
Lead alkyl antiknock mixes65
Canada65
Oxygenate demand65
Ethanol66
Producing companies66
Salient statistics66
Consumption67
MTBE69
Methanol and ETBE69
Mexico69
Oxygenate demand70
Ethanol70
MTBE71
Producing companies71
Salient statistics71
ETBE72
TAME72
Central and South America73
Oxygenate demand74
Ethanol74
Producing companies74
Salient statistics78
Consumption79
Price82
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE)83
Producing companies83
Salient statistics84
Consumption84
ETBE86
Western Europe86
Motor gasoline demand and characteristics87
Oxygenate demand88
Ethanol88
Producing companies89
Consumption92
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE)93
Producing companies93
Salient statistics94
Consumption95
Price96
Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE)97
Producing companies97
Salient statistics98
Consumption99
Price 100
Trade 100
tertiary-Amyl methyl ether (TAME) 100
tertiary-Butyl alcohol (TBA) 101
Producing companies 101
Consumption102
Methanol 103
Producing companies 103
Consumption 104
Lead alkyl antiknock mixes104
Central Europe 105
Oxygenate demand 105
Ethanol 106
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 107
Producing companies 107
Salient statistics 108
Consumption 109
ETBE 110
Methanol111
CIS and Baltic States 111
Oxygenate demand 111
Ethanol 112
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 114
Producing companies 114
Salient statistics 114
Consumption 115
ETBE 117
TAME 117
Methanol 118
Other fuel oxygenates118
Middle East 118
Oxygenate demand 118
Ethanol 119
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 121
Producing companies 121
Salient statistics 121
Consumption 122
ETBE 124
TAME 124
Methanol 125
Africa 125
Oxygenate demand 125
Ethanol 126
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 128
Producing companies 128
Salient statistics 128
ETBE 130
TAME 130
Methanol 130
Other ethers 131
Indian Subcontinent 131
Ethanol 132
MTBE 137
ETBE and TAME 138
Methanol 138
Northeast Asia 138
Overview 139
Ethanol 139
Producing companies 139
Production 141
Consumption142
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 143
Capacity 143
Salient statistics 143
Production 144
Consumption 145
ETBE 146
TAME 147
Methanol147
China 148
Ethanol 148
Production 148
Consumption149
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 150
Producing companies 150
Salient statistics 153
ETBE 154
TAME 154
TBA 154
Methanol 154
Japan 155
Motor gasoline demand and characteristics 156
Ethanol 156
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 157
ETBE 158
Lead alkyl antiknock mixes 160
South Korea 160
Ethanol 160
MTBE 160
ETBE and TAME 161
Methanol 161
Taiwan 161
Ethanol 161
MTBE 161
ETBE and TAME 162
Methanol 162
Southeast Asia 162
Ethanol 164
Producing companies 164
Salient statistics 165
Consumption166
MTBE 168
Producing companies 168
Salient statistics 168
Consumption 169
ETBE 171
TAME 171
Methanol171
Bibliography 172

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