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Chemical Economics Handbook

Gasoline Octane Improvers/Oxygenates

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary6
Ethanol7
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE)10
Methanol13
Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE)16
Other oxygenates17
tertiary-Amyl methyl ether (TAME)17
tertiary-Butyl alcohol (TBA)18
Introduction18
Manufacturing processes21
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE)22
tertiary-Butyl alcohol (TBA)24
tertiary-Amyl methyl ether (TAME)24
Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE)25
Lead alkyl antiknock mixes26
Environmental issues27
United States27
Europe27
Middle East and Africa32
Asia32
Supply and demand by region34
United States34
Motor gasoline production and oxygenate demand34
Ethanol35
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE)40
Producing companies40
Salient statistics43
Price45
Trade45
Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE)46
Methanol47
tertiary-Amyl methyl ether (TAME)47
tertiary-Butyl alcohol (TBA)47
Diisopropyl ether (isopropyl ether, DIPE)48
Other ethers48
Methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT)48
Lead alkyl antiknock mixes49
Canada49
Ethanol49
MTBE50
Methanol and ETBE51
Mexico51
Ethanol51
MTBE51
Producing companies52
Salient statistics52
ETBE53
Central and South America53
Ethanol53
MTBE56
Producing companies56
Salient statistics57
Consumption57
ETBE58
Western Europe59
Motor gasoline demand and characteristics59
Ethanol61
Producing companies61
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE)65
Producing companies65
Salient statistics67
Consumption67
Price69
Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE)70
Producing companies70
Salient statistics71
Consumption72
Price73
Trade73
tertiary-Amyl methyl ether (TAME)73
tertiary-Butyl alcohol (TBA)74
Producing companies74
Consumption75
Methanol76
Producing companies76
Consumption77
Lead alkyl antiknock mixes77
Central Europe78
Ethanol78
MTBE79
Producing companies79
Salient statistics80
Consumption81
ETBE82
Methanol83
CIS and Baltic States84
Ethanol84
MTBE84
Producing companies84
Salient statistics85
Consumption85
ETBE86
Methanol87
Other fuel oxygenates87
Middle East87
Ethanol87
MTBE88
Producing companies88
Salient statistics89
Consumption89
Methanol91
Other ethers91
Africa91
Ethanol91
MTBE92
Producing companies92
Salient statistics92
Methanol92
Other ethers93
Indian Subcontinent93
Ethanol93
MTBE94
ETBE/TAME95
Methanol96
Northeast Asia96
Ethanol96
MTBE96
Capacity96
Salient statistics97
Production99
Consumption99
ETBE101
Methanol102
China102
Ethanol102
MTBE103
Producing companies103
Salient statistics106
ETBE107
TAME107
TBA107
Methanol108
Japan110
Motor gasoline demand and characteristics110
Ethanol111
ETBE113
Lead alkyl antiknock mixes114
South Korea114
Ethanol114
MTBE114
ETBE115
Methanol115
Taiwan115
Ethanol115
MTBE115
ETBE116
Methanol116
Southeast Asia117
Ethanol117
MTBE118
ETBE121
Methanol121
Bibliography121

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