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Chemical Economics Handbook

Fluorocarbons

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary6
Industry structure and dynamics10
Introduction and nomenclature13
Environmental issues and regulations18
Montreal Protocol and ozone-depletion18
Kyoto Protocol and global warming19
United States22
EPA regulations22
New substitute for HCFC-22 in motor vehicle air-conditioning25
Reclamation and reuse25
European Union26
Japan28
China30
CFC phaseout30
HCFC phaseout31
Developing countries33
Manufacturing processes33
Supply and demand by region37
North America37
Producing companies37
Salient statistics39
Production40
Consumption40
Refrigeration and air-conditioning42
Commercial and industrial refrigeration49
Stationary air-conditioning50
Mobile air-conditioning51
Household refrigerators and freezers52
Polymer precursors52
Fluoropolymers54
Fluoroelastomers55
Foam blowing agents55
Aerosol propellants59
Solvent cleaning60
Other62
Price63
Trade63
United States63
Canada65
Mexico65
Central and South America66
Producing companies66
Salient statistics67
Consumption68
Trade69
Western Europe70
Producing companies70
Salient statistics73
Production74
Consumption75
Polymer precursors78
Fluoropolymers80
Fluoroelastomers81
Refrigeration and air-conditioning81
Foam blowing agents84
Flexible polyurethane foam85
Rigid polyurethane foam86
Polystyrene foam86
Polyolefin foams86
Phenolic foams86
Aerosol propellants86
Solvent cleaning and other87
Price88
Trade89
Imports89
Exports90
Eastern Europe and CIS92
Producing companies92
Salient statistics93
Consumption94
Middle East and Africa94
Japan95
Producing companies95
Salient statistics98
Production98
Consumption99
Polymer precursors103
Refrigeration and air-conditioning104
Foam blowing agents105
Solvent cleaning105
Aerosol propellants106
Price107
Trade107
Imports107
Exports109
China110
Producing companies110
Salient statistics116
HCFCs116
HFCs118
Consumption118
HCFCs119
HCFC-22119
HCFC-141b119
HCFC-142b119
Polymer precursors121
Foam blowing agents123
Refrigeration and air-conditioning123
Solvent124
HCFC emission consumption baseline124
HFCs127
HCFC-142b/VDF conversion128
Refrigeration and air-conditioning128
Other129
Price129
Trade130
Other Asia134
Producing companies134
Salient statistics136
Consumption136
Appendix I—Ozone depletion and fluorocarbons139
Appendix II—Global warming and fluorocarbons141
Bibliography142

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