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Chemical Economics Handbook

Major Fats and Oils Industry Overview

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary8
Introduction12
Basic chemistry and components13
Food labeling14
Classification and composition15
Manufacturing processes16
Extraction16
Refining16
Further processing18
Bleaching19
Hydrogenation20
Winterization (fractionating)21
Plasticizing21
Molecular rearrangement (interesterification)21
Deodorization21
Supply and demand by region22
United States22
Producing companies22
Extractors22
Refineries23
Salient statistics28
Production30
Consumption by type31
Edible vegetable oils32
Canola oil32
Corn oil34
Cottonseed oil35
Olive oil36
Peanut oil37
Sesame oil38
Soybean oil39
Sunflower oil40
Palm oils42
Coconut oil42
Palm oil44
Palm kernel oil45
Industrial oils47
Linseed oil47
Tall oil48
Other51
Animal fats52
Tallow and grease53
Other54
Marine oils56
Consumption by market57
Food uses58
Fat substitutes62
Manufactured products60
Nonfood uses62
Biodiesel64
Fatty acids64
Animal feeds64
Paints and coatings65
Plastics additives65
Soaps66
Lubricants and greases67
Cosmetics and pharmaceuticals67
Other68
Price69
Trade72
Imports72
Exports73
Canada74
Mexico77
Central and South America81
Argentina86
Brazil87
Europe88
Producing companies89
ADM104
Bunge105
Cargill105
Salient statistics105
Production109
Consumption by type110
Edible vegetable oils111
Canola oil111
Corn oil112
Cottonseed oil112
Olive oil113
Peanut oil114
Sesame oil115
Soybean oil116
Sunflower oil117
Palm oils118
Coconut oil118
Palm oil119
Palm kernel oil120
Industrial oils121
Castor oil121
Linseed oil122
Animal fats123
Butter123
Lard124
Tallow and grease125
Marine oils127
Other127
Consumption by market128
Food uses128
Animal feeds129
Nonfood uses129
Biodiesel129
Fatty acids and fatty alcohols130
Lubricants131
Solvents131
Other131
Consumption by country132
France134
Germany135
Italy136
Netherlands137
Russia138
Spain138
Price139
Trade141
Imports141
Exports142
Middle East143
Producing companies143
Salient statistics149
Production152
Consumption by type153
Consumption by country155
Iran156
Turkey157
Trade158
Imports158
Exports158
Africa159
Producing companies159
Salient statistics168
Production171
Consumption by type172
Consumption by country173
Egypt175
Nigeria176
South Africa176
Trade177
Imports177
Exports179
Japan180
Producing companies180
Salient statistics181
Consumption by type183
Edible vegetable oils185
Canola oil185
Corn oil186
Cottonseed oil188
Ground nuts oil190
Rice bran oil191
Safflower oil193
Sesame oil195
Soybean oil196
Other197
Palm oils199
Coconut oil199
Palm oil201
Palm kernel oil203
Industrial oils205
Linseed oil205
Tall oil206
Other207
Animal fats208
Beef tallow208
Lard210
Marine oils212
Fish oil212
Sperm oil214
Consumption by market214
Food uses215
Direct use215
Food processing216
Nonfood uses216
Price216
Trade219
China219
Producing companies219
Salient statistics222
Production223
Consumption224
Vegetable oils226
Rapeseed oil226
Corn oil227
Cottonseed oil227
Peanuts oil228
Sesame oil229
Soybean oil229
Sunflower oil230
Palm oils230
Coconut oil230
Palm oil231
Palm kernel oil231
Industrial oils232
Castor oil232
Linseed oil232
Animal oils233
Butter233
Lard233
Tallow and grease234
Marine oils234
Price235
Trade235
Other Asia237
Producing companies237
Salient statistics242
Consumption by type244
Edible vegetable oils245
Canola oil245
Corn oil246
Cottonseed oil246
Ground nuts oil247
Sesame oil247
Soybean oil248
Sunflower oil248
Palm oils249
Coconut oil249
Palm oil250
Palm kernel oil250
Animal fats251
Butter251
Lard251
Tallow and grease252
Industrial oils252
Castor oil253
Linseed oil253
Fish oil253
Consumption by country254
Bangladesh254
India255
Salient statistics255
Production256
Consumption256
Trade257
Indonesia259
Salient statistics259
Production260
Consumption260
Trade261
Malaysia263
Salient statistics263
Production263
Consumption264
Trade265
Myanmar266
Pakistan267
Philippines267
Singapore268
South Korea269
Taiwan270
Thailand271
Vietnam272
Oceania273
Australia273
Salient statistics273
Production274
Consumption275
Trade276
New Zealand277
Papua New Guinea278
Bibliography279

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