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Chemical Economics Handbook

Ethylene

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary7
Industry characteristics12
Sources13
Hydrocarbon steam cracking13
Refinery gases15
Ethanol dehydration16
Ethylene from coal16
Ethylene from natural gas17
Plant economics18
Cost of feed flexibility18
Construction costs18
Overview of world feedstock considerations19
Environmental issues22
Transportation and storage23
Uses23
Ethylbenzene23
Ethylene dichloride24
Ethylene oxide24
Oligomers—olefins/alcohols25
Linear alpha-olefins25
Linear primary alcohols27
Polyethylene27
Vinyl acetate29
Other29
Acetaldehyde29
Copolymer uses30
Ethanol30
Ethyl chloride32
Ethylene-propylene elastomers32
Propionaldehyde33
Propylene33
Miscellaneous34
Supply and demand by region35
World35
Capacity35
Price39
Trade40
North America42
Producing companies42
Salient statistics44
Consumption44
Trade45
United States46
Producing companies46
Integration50
Competitive feedstock changes52
The shale gas play52
Cost dynamics52
Salient statistics53
Consumption54
Polyethylenes55
HDPE55
LLDPE56
LDPE57
Ethylene dichloride/vinyl chloride monomer58
Ethylene oxide59
Oligomers (linear alpha-olefins and linear primary alcohols)60
Ethylbenzene61
Vinyl acetate61
Other62
Ethylene-propylene elastomers62
Propionaldehyde63
Acetaldehyde63
Ethanol64
Propylene64
Miscellaneous65
Trade66
Canada67
Producing companies67
Integration dynamics68
Alberta feedstock dynamics69
Salient statistics70
Consumption70
Trade72
Mexico73
Producing companies73
Salient statistics74
Consumption75
Trade76
South America77
Producing companies78
Salient statistics81
Consumption82
Trade83
Western Europe84
Producing companies85
Salient statistics89
Consumption90
Trade92
Central Europe93
Producing companies94
Salient statistics96
Consumption97
Trade98
CIS and Baltic States99
Producing companies100
Salient statistics102
Consumption104
Trade106
Middle East107
Producing companies107
Salient statistics113
Consumption114
Trade115
Africa117
Producing companies117
Salient statistics119
Consumption120
Trade121
Indian Subcontinent122
Producing companies122
Salient statistics124
Consumption124
Trade125
Northeast Asia126
Capacity126
Salient statistics127
Consumption128
Trade129
China130
Producing companies130
Salient statistics133
Consumption134
Trade135
Japan136
Producing companies136
Salient statistics137
Consumption138
Trade139
Republic of Korea140
Producing companies140
Salient statistics141
Consumption142
Trade143
Taiwan144
Producing companies144
Salient statistics144
Consumption145
Trade146
Southeast Asia147
Capacity147
Salient statistics148
Consumption148
Trade149
Singapore150
Producing companies150
Salient statistics151
Consumption151
Trade152
Thailand153
Producing companies153
Salient statistics154
Consumption155
Trade156
Other Southeast Asia157
Producing companies157
Salient statistics158
Consumption158
Bibliography159

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