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Chemical Economics Handbook

Ethylene

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary5
List of abbreviations6
Summary7
Industry characteristics11
Sources12
Hydrocarbon steam cracking12
Ethylene from coal14
Ethylene from natural gas14
Ethanol dehydration15
Refinery gases15
Plant economics16
Cost of feed flexibility16
Construction costs16
Overview of world feedstock considerations17
Environmental issues19
Transportation and storage20
Uses21
Polyethylene21
High-density polyethylene (HDPE)21
Linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE)22
Low-density polyethylene (LDPE)22
Ethylene dichloride23
Ethylene oxide24
Ethylbenzene/styrene24
Vinyl acetate25
Oligomers—olefins/alcohols26
Linear alpha-olefins26
Linear primary alcohols26
Other applications27
Ethanol27
Acetaldehyde27
Copolymer uses28
Ethyl chloride28
Ethylene-propylene elastomers28
Propionaldehyde29
Propylene29
Miscellaneous29
Supply and demand by region31
World31
Capacity31
Salient statistics33
Consumption34
Price36
Trade37
North America38
Overview39
Capacity39
Salient statistics40
Consumption42
Trade43
United States44
Producing companies44
Salient statistics49
Consumption50
Polyethylene52
Ethylene dichloride53
Ethylene oxide54
Linear alpha-olefins54
Ethylbenzene/styrene55
Other applications55
Trade56
Canada57
Producing companies57
Salient statistics59
Consumption60
Trade62
Mexico63
Producing companies63
Salient statistics65
Consumption66
Trade67
South America68
Producing companies68
Salient statistics71
Consumption72
Trade74
Western Europe74
Producing companies75
Salient statistics80
Consumption81
Trade83
Central Europe84
Producing companies84
Salient statistics86
Consumption87
Trade89
CIS and Baltic States90
Producing companies90
Salient statistics94
Consumption95
Trade97
Middle East97
Producing companies98
Salient statistics 102
Consumption 103
Trade 105
Africa 106
Producing companies 106
Salient statistics 108
Consumption 109
Trade 111
Indian Subcontinent 111
Producing companies 112
Salient statistics 114
Consumption 115
Trade 117
Northeast Asia 117
Overview 118
Capacity 118
Salient statistics 118
Consumption 119
Trade 121
China 121
Producing companies 122
Salient statistics 126
Consumption 127
Polyethylene 128
Ethylene oxide 129
Ethylbenzene 130
Ethylene dichloride 130
Vinyl acetate 131
Trade 131
Japan 132
Producing companies 132
Salient statistics 135
Consumption 136
Trade 137
South Korea 138
Producing companies 138
Salient statistics 140
Consumption 141
Trade 143
Taiwan 143
Producing companies 144
Salient statistics 145
Consumption 146
Trade 148
Southeast Asia 148
Producing companies 149
Salient statistics 152
Consumption 153
Trade 154
Bibliography 156

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