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Chemical Economics Handbook

Dyes

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary8
Introduction12
Description12
Acid dyes18
Premetallized acid dyes or metal-complex dyes 19
Azoic dyes (naphthol dyes)20
Basic (cationic) dyes 20
Direct dyes21
Disperse dyes21
Fluorescent brighteners22
Food, drug and cosmetic dyes22
Leather dyes 22
Mordant dyes (chrome dyes)23
Natural dyes24
Reactive or fiber-reactive dyes24
Solvent dyes 26
Sulfur dyes26
Vat dyes27
Other dyes 27
Chemical classes of dyes28
Anthraquinone dyes28
Azo dyes29
Metal-complex azo dyes29
Indigoid dyes 29
Methine dyes30
Phthalocyanine dyes30
Triarylmethane dyes30
Other30
Manufacturing processes 31
Anthraquinone dyes32
Azo dyes33
Indigo 33
Triarylmethane dyes34
Environmental issues36
Manufactured products36
Manufacturing processes36
Application37
Regulations37
Supply and demand by region41
United States 41
Producing companies42
Archroma 45
BASF45
Blackman Uhler 45
Classic Dyestuffs/Standard Dyes45
Kiri Holding/DyStar46
Huntsman 46
Kemira46
Sensient46
Salient statistics 47
Production47
Consumption49
Paper 50
Textiles51
Inks54
Plastics 54
Leather 55
Food, drugs, and cosmetics55
Other 56
Price57
Trade57
Acid dyes59
Basic dyes 61
Direct dyes62
Disperse dyes63
Fluorescent whitening agents (FWAs or OBAs)64
Reactive dyes 65
Solvent 66
Sulfur black67
Vat dyes67
Other synthetic organic dyestuffs68
Canada70
Salient statistics 70
Consumption70
Price71
Trade71
Imports71
Exports72
Mexico73
Producing companies73
Salient statistics 74
Production75
Consumption75
Price75
Trade76
Imports76
Exports77
Central America 78
Salient statistics 78
Consumption78
Trade79
Acid/mordant dyes79
Basic dyes 80
Direct dyes81
Disperse dyes81
Reactive dyes 82
Vat dyes83
Fluorescent whitening agents83
Other organic dyes84
South America78
Producing companies84
Production86
Salient statistics 87
Consumption87
Trade88
Acid/mordant dyes90
Basic dyes 92
Direct dyes93
Disperse dyes94
Reactive dyes 95
Vat dyes96
Fluorescent whitening agents97
Other organic dyes98
Western Europe 99
Producing companies100
Corporate activities and events111
Associations and interest groups 116
Salient statistics 117
Production118
Consumption119
Textiles123
Paper 124
Plastics 126
Ink 126
Detergents and soaps127
Leather 127
Food, drugs and cosmetics (FD&C) dyes128
Other 129
New product introductions 129
Research and development 130
Price131
Trade133
Imports133
Exports135
Central and Eastern Europe137
Producing companies137
Salient statistics 141
Consumption142
Bulgaria143
Czech Republic 143
Hungary143
Poland 143
Romania 144
Russia144
Slovakia145
Turkey 145
Ukraine146
Trade146
Imports146
Exports148
Middle East 149
Producing companies150
Salient statistics 150
Trade151
Imports151
Exports153
Africa149
Producing companies155
Salient statistics 156
Trade157
Imports157
Exports158
Japan158
Producing companies158
Salient statistics 160
Consumption162
Textiles163
Paper 163
Inks163
Leather 164
Other 164
Price164
Trade166
Imports166
Exports169
China 171
Producing companies172
Salient statistics 176
Production176
Consumption178
Price178
Trade180
Imports180
Exports182
India183
Producing companies183
Production185
Consumption186
Price187
Trade187
Other Asia 190
Indonesia190
Producing companies190
Salient statistics191
Trade 192
Imports192
Exports193
Republic of Korea193
Producing companies193
Salient statistics195
Production 195
Price 196
Trade 198
Imports198
Exports199
Taiwan 201
Producing companies201
Salient statistics201
Production 202
Trade 203
Thailand205
Producing companies205
Salient Statistics205
Trade 206
Bibliography 208

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