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Chemical Economics Handbook

Detergent Alcohols

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary 7
Producers 7
Capacity 10
Production 12
Salient Statistics 14
Consumption 16
Consumption by Derivative 17
Consumption by End Use 21
Trade 22
Imports 23
Exports 24
Introduction 24
Regional Breakdown 24
Definition 25
Business Drivers 27
Manufacturing Processes 29
Conversion of Natural Fats and Oils 30
Reduction of Methyl Esters 30
Reduction of Fatty Acids 31
Saponification of Esters 31
Synthesis from Petroleum-Derived Raw Materials 32
Oxo (Hydroformylation) Reaction 32
Linear Primary Alcohols from Ethylene 34
Alfol® Alcohol Process 35
Controlled Linear Chain-Growth Process 36
Linear Secondary Alcohols by Paraffin Oxidation 36
Other Routes 37
Conversion to Major Derivatives 38
Alcohol Ethoxylates 38
Alcohol Sulfates and Alcohol Ether Sulfates 38
Polymethacrylate Esters 38
Fatty Nitrogen Derivatives 38
Alkyl Glyceryl Ether Sulfonates 39
Alkyl Polyglucosides 39
Environmental Issues and Regulations 39
REACH 39
Detergents Regulation 40
Supply and Demand by Region 40
North America 40
Producing Companies 40
Production 43
Salient Statistics 44
Consumption 45
Alcohol Ethoxylates 49
Alcohol Sulfates and Ether Sulfates 51
Laundry detergents 52
Dishwashing liquids 53
Other household cleaners 53
Industrial, institutional and commercial uses 53
Personal care products 53
Free Alcohols 54
C12-C18 fraction 54
C20+ fraction 54
Polymethacrylate Esters 55
Fatty Nitrogen Derivatives 55
Alkyl Glyceryl Ether Sulfonates 56
Alkyl Polyglucosides 57
Other Derivatives 57
Hindered phenols 57
Thiodipropionate esters 57
Ethoxylated and propoxylated alcohols 58
Alcohol phosphates and ether phosphates 58
Esters of fatty acids 58
Alcohol phosphites 59
Price 59
Trade 60
Imports 60
Exports 61
Central and South America 61
Producing Companies 61
Salient Statistics 63
Consumption 64
Trade 66
Imports 66
Exports 67
Western Europe 68
Producing Companies 68
Production 72
Salient Statistics 73
Consumption 74
Alcohol Ethoxylates and Alcohol Ether Sulfates 77
Alcohol Sulfates 78
Free and C20+ Alcohols 79
Polymethacrylate Esters 79
Fatty Nitrogen Derivatives 79
Alkyl Polyglucosides 80
Other Derivatives 80
Esters of fatty acids and succinates 80
Thiodipropionate esters 80
Price 80
Trade 82
Imports 82
Exports 83
Central Europe 84
Producing Companies 84
Salient Statistics 84
Consumption 85
Trade 87
Imports 87
Exports 87
Eastern Europe 88
Producing Companies 88
Salient Statistics 89
Consumption 89
Trade 91
Middle East 92
Producing Companies 92
Salient Statistics 94
Consumption 95
Trade 96
Africa 96
Producing Companies 96
Salient Statistics 98
Consumption 99
Trade 100
Imports 100
Exports 100
South Asia 101
Producing Companies 101
Salient Statistics 103
Consumption 104
Trade 105
Imports 106
Exports 106
Japan 107
Producing Companies 107
Production 109
Salient Statistics 110
Consumption 111
Alcohol Ethoxylates 113
Alcohol Ether Sulfates 113
Alcohol Sulfates 113
Free and C20+ Alcohols 114
Fatty Nitrogen Derivatives 114
Other Derivatives 114
Price 114
Trade 116
Imports 116
Exports 117
China 118
Producing Companies 118
Production 122
Salient Statistics 123
Consumption 124
Price 125
Trade 126
Imports 126
Exports 127
Other Northeast Asia 128
Producing Companies 128
Salient Statistics 128
Consumption 129
Trade 130
Imports 130
Exports 130
Southeast Asia 131
Producing Companies 131
Salient Statistics 135
Consumption 136
Price 137
Trade 137
Imports 138
Exports 138
Bibliography 139
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