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Chemical Economics Handbook

Detergent Alcohols

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary6
Summary8
Producers8
Capacity 11
Salient statistics 12
Production 13
Consumption 14
Consumption by derivative 15
Consumption by end use 19
Trade 20
Introduction 21
Regional breakdown 21
Definition 21
Business drivers 23
Manufacturing processes 25
Conversion of natural fats and oils 25
Reduction of methyl esters 25
Reduction of fatty acids 26
Saponification of esters 26
Synthesis from petroleum-derived raw materials 26
Oxo (hydroformylation) reaction 27
Linear primary alcohols from ethylene 28
Alfol® alcohol process 29
Controlled linear chain-growth process 30
Linear secondary alcohols by paraffin oxidation 30
Other routes 30
Conversion to major derivatives 31
Alcohol ethoxylates 31
Alcohol sulfates and alcohol ether sulfates 31
Polymethacrylate esters 31
Fatty nitrogen derivatives 31
Alkyl glyceryl ether sulfonates 31
Alkyl polyglucosides 31
Environmental issues and regulations 32
REACH 32
Detergents regulation 32
Supply and demand by region 33
North America 33
Producing companies 33
Salient statistics 36
Production 36
Consumption 37
Alcohol ethoxylates 40
Alcohol sulfates and ether sulfates 42
Laundry detergents 43
Dishwashing liquids 43
Other household cleaners 43
Industrial, institutional, and commercial uses 43
Personal care products 43
Free alcohols 44
C12-C18 fraction 44
C20+ fraction 44
Polymethacrylate esters 44
Fatty nitrogen derivatives 45
Alkyl glyceryl ether sulfonates 45
Alkyl polyglucosides 46
Other derivatives 46
Hindered phenols 46
Thiodipropionate esters 46
Ethoxylated and propoxylated alcohols 46
Alcohol phosphates and ether phosphates 46
Esters of fatty acids 47
Alcohol phosphites 47
Price 47
Trade 48
Imports 48
Exports 49
Central and South America 49
Producing companies 49
Salient statistics 51
Consumption 51
Trade 53
Imports 53
Exports 54
Western Europe 54
Producing companies 54
Salient statistics 57
Production 59
Consumption 60
Alcohol ethoxylates and alcohol ether sulfates 62
Alcohol sulfates 62
Free and C20+ alcohols 62
Polymethacrylate esters 63
Fatty nitrogen derivatives 63
Alkyl polyglucosides 63
Other derivatives 63
Esters of fatty acids and succinates 63
Thiodipropionate esters 63
Price 64
Trade 64
Imports 65
Exports 66
Central Europe 67
Producing companies 67
Salient statistics 67
Consumption 68
Trade 69
Imports 69
Exports 69
Eastern Europe 70
Producing companies 70
Salient statistics 71
Consumption 71
Trade 72
Middle East 73
Producing companies 73
Salient statistics 74
Consumption 75
Trade 75
Africa 76
Producing companies 76
Salient statistics 77
Consumption 77
Trade 78
Imports 78
Exports 79
South Asia 80
Producing companies 80
Salient statistics 81
Consumption 81
Trade 82
Imports 83
Exports 83
Japan 84
Producing companies 84
Salient statistics 86
Production 87
Consumption 88
Alcohol ethoxylates 90
Alcohol ether sulfates 90
Alcohol sulfates 90
Free and C20+ alcohols 90
Fatty nitrogen derivatives 90
Other derivatives 90
Price 90
Trade 92
China 93
Producing companies 93
Salient statistics 96
Production 97
Consumption 97
Alcohol ether sulfates 98
Tertiary aliphatic amines 99
Alcohol ethoxylates 99
Alcohol sulfates 99
Alkyl polyglucosides 99
Other derivatives 100
Price 100
Trade 101
Imports 101
Exports 101
Other Northeast Asia 102
Producing companies 102
Salient statistics 102
Consumption 103
Trade 105
Southeast Asia 105
Producing companies 105
Salient statistics 108
Consumption 109
Price 111
Trade 111
Imports 111
Exports 112
Bibliography 115

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