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Chemical Economics Handbook

Cresols, Xylenols and Cresylic Acids

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary5
Introduction9
Manufacturing processes13
Natural cresols13
Synthetic cresols and xylenols14
Alkali fusion of toluenesulfonates14
Alkali hydrolysis of chlorotoluene14
Cymene hydroperoxide cleavage15
Methylation of phenolics16
Demethanization of isophorone16
Separation of (m,p)-cresol mixtures16
Environmental issues17
Supply and demand by region17
United States17
Producing companies17
Salient statistics19
Consumption20
o-Cresol21
m-Cresol22
p-Cresol23
(m,p)-Cresols24
Xylenols26
Cresylic acids27
Price28
Trade29
Imports29
Exports30
Canada31
Consumption31
Trade32
Mexico32
Consumption32
Trade33
Central and South America33
Producing companies33
Consumption33
Trade34
Western Europe34
Producing companies35
Salient statistics36
Consumption39
o-Cresol39
m-Cresol40
p-Cresol41
(m,p)-Cresols42
Xylenols43
Cresylic acids43
Price44
Trade44
Imports44
Exports46
Central and Eastern Europe47
Producing companies47
Salient statistics48
Consumption51
Trade51
Imports51
Exports51
Middle East53
Africa54
Producing companies54
Salient statistics54
Trade56
Japan57
Producing companies57
Salient statistics58
Production60
Consumption61
o-Cresol62
m-Cresol63
p-Cresol64
(m,p)-Cresols65
2,6-Xylenol66
Other xylenols66
Cresylic acids66
Price66
Trade67
China69
Producing companies69
Salient statistics73
Production74
Consumption74
o-Cresol76
m-Cresol77
p-Cresol77
Xylenols77
(m,p)-Cresols and cresylic acids78
Price78
Trade78
Other Asia81
Producing companies81
Salient statistics81
Cresols and cresylic acids82
Xylenols86
Trade88
India88
Singapore89
South Korea90
Taiwan91
Oceania91
Producing companies91
Salient statistics92
Bibliography92

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