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Chemical Economics Handbook

Controlled- and Slow-Release Fertilizers

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary 6
Introduction 12
Product characteristics 13
Urea-formaldehyde reaction products 13
UF concentrates 16
Ureaform 16
Methylene ureas 16
Methylene diurea/dimethylene triurea 17
UF solutions 17
Urea-triazone solutions 17
Isobutylidene diurea 19
Crotonylidene diurea 19
Other synthetic organic products 20
Oxamide 20
Guanylurea sulfate 20
Melamine (triaminotriazine) 21
Coated fertilizers 21
Sulfur-coated fertilizers 22
Polymer-coated sulfur-coated fertilizers (PCSC) 22
Polymer-coated fertilizers 24
Other slowly soluble fertilizers 25
Metal Ammonium and Potassium Phosphates 25
Spikes, stakes, tablets and briquettes 26
Supply and demand by region 27
United States 27
Producing Companies 27
Producer profiles 32
Agrium 32
Everris 34
Koch Agronomic Services 34
Salient statistics 34
Consumption 36
Commodity agricultural crop markets 38
Agricultural crop markets 39
Nonagricultural markets 41
Consumer 41
Golf courses 44
Professional lawn care and landscape maintenance 47
Nurseries and greenhouses 49
Other professional turf 51
Landscape 53
Price 54
Trade 55
Imports 55
Exports 56
Canada and Mexico 57
Latin America 57
Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) 58
Definition of market coverage 58
Coverage by product type 58
Coverage by market 58
Market Summary 59
Western Europe 61
Producing companies 61
Supply channels 66
Urea-Aldehyde Reaction Products (Slow-Release Fertilizers) 68
Coated fertilizers (controlled-release fertilizers) 68
Other slowly soluble fertilizers 68
Nitrification inhibitor– and urease inhibitor–containing fertilizers 69
Rules and regulations 71
Fertilizer regulation 71
Nitrates directive 72
Water Framework Directive (WFD) 72
Groundwater directive 72
Integrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC) directive 73
Salient statistics 73
Production 73
Consumption 74
Consumption by market 75
Agricultural crop markets 76
Nonagricultural markets 76
Consumption by product type 77
Urea-aldehyde reaction products 78
Coated fertilizers 79
Price 79
Trade 81
Imports 81
Exports 82
Central and Eastern Europe 82
Producing companies 83
Salient statistics 84
Consumption 85
Price 85
Trade 86
Middle East 86
Producing companies 86
Salient statistics 87
Consumption 87
Price 88
Trade 88
Africa 89
Producing Companies 89
Salient statistics 89
Consumption 90
Price 91
Trade 91
China 91
Producing Companies 91
Salient statistics 94
Production 95
Urea-formaldehyde reaction products 96
Coated fertilizers 96
Sulfur coated urea 96
Polymer coated urea/complex fertilizers 96
Other 96
Consumption 97
Price 97
Trade 97
Japan 98
Producing companies 98
Salient statistics 102
Production 104
Manufactured products 104
Other slow-release fertilizers 105
Consumption 106
Urea-aldehyde reaction products 108
Isobutylidene diurea 108
Crotonylidene diurea 108
Urea-formaldehyde products 108
Other synthetic organic products 108
Coated fertilizers 109
Coated urea 109
Coated complex fertilizers 109
Processed natural organic fertilizers 109
Price 110
Trade 111
Imports 111
Exports 112
Other Asia (excluding Japan and China) 112
India 112
Indonesia 113
Malaysia 113
Republic of Korea 114
Oceania (Australia and New Zealand) 114
Bibliography 114

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