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Process Economics Program

Compare new chemical process technologies and economics faster and at less cost.

New chemical manufacturing technologies can pose an opportunity or a threat. Whether you are acquiring a new technology or responding to a rival, the ability to quickly compare technical designs and production costs is a competitive advantage.

For more than 50 years, the Process Economics Program (PEP) has provided in-depth, independent technical and economic evaluations of more than 1,500 commercial and emerging technologies used to manufacture over 600 chemicals. The only source for new process analysis, PEP Reports and Reviews allow you to uncover the impact of changes in processes, feedstocks, energy prices, and government regulations on chemical and fuel production economics. In addition, with the iPEP Navigator, you can generate process economics tailored to your project needs.

Chemical, energy, engineering and investment firms use PEP to:

  • Reduce the time and cost it takes to collect and assess new technology information
  • Make investment and production decisions based on unbiased, expert assessments
  • Customize process economics data to specific project needs
  • Compare production costs and technical designs to optimize technology selection
  • Keep pace with technology, market and regulatory developments
  • Capitalize on market shfits and mitigate competitor threats

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PEP is a partnership

PEP is a problem-solving partnership that integrates your needs with our expert analysis. PEP experts stay current on client issues through on-going contacts with industry representatives, conference participation and site visits. They use the resulting insights to generate topics for future research. Clients then vote on next round of PEP research to make sure the topics reflect their areas of interest. All PEP customers receive access to the experts to discuss information in the studies.

Available Publications

Publication Schedule Reports
Report Number Report Name
2271,3 Propanediol and Polytrimethylene Terephthalate (PTT)
20, 20A, 20B, 20CABS Resins
69, 69AAcetal Resins
24, 24A/2Acetaldehyde
37, 37CAcetic Acid
37A, 37BAcetic Acid and Acetic Anhydride
77Acetone, Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK) and Methyl Isobutyl Ketone
16, 16AAcetylene
109Acetylene vs. Ethylene as a Chemical Raw Material
216Acid Gas Treatment and Sulfur Recovery
99Acrylamide and Polyacrylamide 99
6EAcrylic Acid from Glycerin
6, 6A, 6B, 6C, 6DAcrylic Acids and Acrylic Esters
6FAcrylic Acid
17, 17A, 17A/1, 17A/2, 17A/3, 17BAcrylonitrile
78Acrylonitrile Thermoplastics
83, 83AAdhesives
3, 3A, 3BAdipic Acid
257Advanced Biorefineries
180C, 180DAdvanced Carbon Capture
51BAdvanced Composite Materials
247AAdvanced Gas-to-Liquid Process
196Advanced Structural Ceramics
44, 44A, 44BAdvances in Ammonia Technology
251AAdvances in Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Production
129A, 129B, 129CAdvances in Catalytic Reforming
195, 195AAdvances in Fluid Catalytic Cracking
187, 187AAdvances in Hazardous Waste Treatment
190CAdvances in Membrane Technology for Chemical Separation Applications
248AAdvances in Naphtha Steam Cracking
275Advances in Natural Gas Conversion Technologies
225Advances in Oxidation Technology
25DAdvances in p-Xylene Technologies
56BAdvances in Urea Technology
1FAliphatic Diisocyanates Processes
59, 59AAliphatic Surfactants
203Alkane Dehydrogenation and Aromatization
138Alkyl Amines
88, 88A, 88BAlkylation for Motor Fuels
106, 106AAmino Acids
76CAniline and Derivatives
59BAnionic Surfactants
85, 85AAntioxidants
85BAntioxidants and Light Stabilizers
76, 76A/1, 76BAromatic Amines
182, 182A, 182BAromatic Processes
30, 30AAromatics BTX
25EAromatics Upgrading Technologies
209Aromatics Industry Outlook
144Ascorbic Acid
179Barrier Resins
145Battery Limits Cost Estimating
19GBimodal HDPE
19EBimodal Linear Low-Density Polyethylene
284Bio-Based Adipic Acid
59CBio-Based Anionic Surfactants
259Bio-based C3s
294Bio-Based Furan Dicarboxylic Acid and Its Polymer Polyethylene Furanoate
265, 265ABio-based Polymers
217Bio-Based Polyols
206ABio-Based Solvents
292Bio-Based Succinic Acid
263Biochemical Cellulosic Ethanol
115DBiodegradable Polymer Life Cycle Assessment
115CBiodegradable Polymers
250Biodegradable Polymers from Plants
251Biodiesel Production
278Biofuels from Algae
258Biomass Gasification
286Biomass Pyrolysis
188Biotechnology Reaction Systems
188A, 188BBiotechnology Separation Processes
192Bisphenol A and Alkylated Phenols
192ABisphenol A
81Bisphenol A and Phosgene
175BBlends Containing Engineering Thermoplastics
175ABlends Containing Polyolefins
175Blends of Thermoplastic Polymers
146Bulk Chemicals from Synthesis Gas
35, 35A/1, 35B, 35CButadiene
35DButadiene as a Low Chemical Raw Material
74Butylene Polymers
71, 71AButylenes
118Butyrolactam and Laurolactam 118
126C1 Chlorinated Hydrocarbons
7/1, 7/2, 7A, 7B, 7CCaprolactam
7DCaprolactam Update
90Carbon Black
180BCarbon Capture from Coal Fired Power Generation
180ACarbon Capture From Natural Gas Power Generation
237Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions Reduction
180Carbon Dioxide Separation
165, 165ACarbon Fibers
123Carbon Monoxide
153, 153ACatalysts
153CCatalysts for Polypropylene for Polyethylene Production
100Chemical Production by Fischer-Tropsch and Related Syntheses
234Chemicals for Electronics Industry
252Chemicals From Agricultural Wastes
235Chemicals from Ethanol
236Chemicals from Renewable Resources
147Chemicals from Wood and Wood Wastes
232Chiral Intermediates
48Chlorinated Solvents
61, 61A, 61B, 61C, 61DChlorine
61EChlorine-Advanced Commercial Chlor-Alkali Technology
112Chlorine Dioxide, Chlorates, Chlorites and Hypochlorites
201Chlorofluorocarbon Alternatives
154, 154A, 154BCoal Gasification
101Coal Tar Chemicals
271Coal to Gasoline
279Coal to Olefins
277Coal to Substitute Natural Gas
181, 181ACogeneration 181A
181BCommercial Scale Cogeneration
280Compendium of Leading Bioethanol Technologies
162Computer Program for Estimating Plant Envestment
119Construction Costs
148/1Costs of Synthesis Gases and Methanol
49, 49A1Cresols and Cresylic Acids
238Custom Chemical Manufacture
183Detergent Builders
75Dibasic Acids for Nylon Manufacture
79, 79ADihydroxybenzenes
245BDimethyl Ether (DME) From Coal
245Dimethyl Ether As Alternate Fuel
245ADimethyl Ether As Fuel
243ADirect Methanol Fuel Cells
102Disposal and Recovery of Waste Organo-Chlorides
260Economics and Petrochemical Cycles
107Economics of Chemical Refineries
127BEconomics of Fertilizer Complexes
204Economics of Petrochemical Complexes
172Economics of Petrochemical Production in Saudi Arabia and Western Canada
204AEconomics of Petrochemicals in S.E. Asia
204BEconomics of Petrochemicals Production In China
116Electron Beam Curing Polymers
115, 115A, 115BEnvironmentally Degradable Polymers
139Enzyme Technology
38, 38AEpoxy Resins
145AEstimating Plant Investments
149Ethanol for Gasohol
149AEthanol Production in Brazil
29, 29B, 29EEthylene
29FEthylene by Non-Conventional Processes
155Ethylene Copolymers
220Ethylene Feedstock Outlook
208Ethylene from Methane
150Ethylene from Refinery Gas
2IEthylene Glycol
70A, 70BEthylene Glycol
70Ethylene Glycols, Glycol Ethers and Ethanolamines
29DEthylene Industry Profiles
2FEthylene Oxide and Ethylene Glycol
193Ethylene Oxide Derivatives
29CEthylene Plant Conversion
29GEthylene Plant Enhancement
4, 4A, 4CEthylene Propylene Co-Polymer and Terpolymers
4BEthylene Propylene Terpolymer Rubber
155AEthylene/Vinyl Acetate Copolymers
155BEthylene-Vinyl Acetate Copolymers
205BExperience Curves
42, 42A/1Fatty Acids
40Fatty Nitrogen Compounds
95Fermentation Processes
127Fertilizers - Ammonium Phosphate
127A/1Fertilizers - Nitrogen
92Flame Retardant Additives
92AFlame Retardant Additives
114Flame Retardant Polyols
166, 166AFluorinated Polymers
97, 97AFoamed Plastics
23, 23AFormaldehyde
156Formic Acid
274Fuel Alcohols and Electricity Cogeneration from Petroleum Coke Gasification
243Fuel Cells for Vehicles and Power
231Fuels for 21st Century Vehicles
52Furnace Phosphorus and Phosphoric Acid
132Gas Oil Conversion to Fuels and Petrochemicals
247Gas To Liquids
273Gasoline Benzene Removal
239Global Chemical Industry in the 21st Century
58Glycerine and Intermediates
266Heavy Oil from Tar Sands
214AHeavy Oil Hydrotreating
210Hetercyclic Nitrogen Compounds
31, 31A, 31B, 31CHexamethylenediamine
184High Purity Silicon 184
86, 86A, 86B, 86D, 86E, 86FHigh Temperature Polymers
19C, 19DHigh-Density Polyethylene
RP195BHigh Olefins Fluid Catalytic Cracking Processes
174AHigh-Output Fluidized Bed Polyethylene Technology
268Higher Alcohols from Syngas, Technology Survey
134Hydrochloric Acid
211AHydrocracking for Middle Distillates
211BHydrocracking of Heavy Oils and Residua
89Hydrofluoric Acid and Fluorocarbons
32, 32AHydrogen
68BHydrogen Peroxide
68, 68A/1Hydrogen Peroxide and Peracetic Acid
32CHydrogen Production
242Industrial Coatings
139AIndustrial Enzymes
226Innovative Chemical Reactors
169AIntegrated Refinery/Petrochemical Profitability
124, 124AIon Exchange Resins
256Ionic Liquids
1A/1, 1A/2, 1B, 1C/1, 1C/2, 1D, 1EIsocyanates
91Isomerization of Paraffins 91
28, 28A/1, 28BIsoprene
293Iso-C4 Processes
247DLarge-scale Gas-to-Liquids Plants
RP297Light Hydrocarbon and Light Naphtha Utilization
12, 12A, 12B/1, 12C, 12D, 12ELinear Alpha Olefins
163Linear C12-C15 Primary Alcohols
27Linear Higher Alcohols
36C, 36ELinear Low Density Polyethylene
19, 19A, 19BLinear Polypropylene and Polyethylene
103Liquefied Natural Gas
103ALiquefied Natural Gas
191ALiquid Hydrocarbons from Synthesis Gas
204CLocation Factors
36, 36A, 36B, 36DLow Density Polyethylene
157, 157ALubricating Oil Additives
46, 46A/1, 46B, 46CMaleic Anhydride
43DMega Methanol Plants
190AMembrane Gas Separation Processes
190Membranes for Gas Separation
296Metallocene Polyalphaolefins (PAO)
11, 11A, 11B, 11C, 11DMethacrylic Acid and Methacrylic Esters
43, 43A/1, 43B, 43CMethanol
111Methanol as a Chemical Raw Material
111AMethanol Based Chemicals
43EMethanol From Coal
282Methanol to Gasoline
261Methanol to Olefins
255Methyl Methacrylate
131Methyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether and Tertiary-Butyl Alcohol (TBA)
108Middle East's Potential in Chemicals
177Mining Chemicals
202Monomers for High Performance Polymers
135, 135ANatural Gas Liquids
216ANatural Gas Acid Gas Removal and Sulfur Recovery
246Near-Zero Sulfur Diesel Fuel
4DNew Generation EPDM Technologies 4D
21FNew Generation Oxo Alcohols
153DNon-Metallocene Single Site Catalysts
168Nonionic Surfactants
200NOx Removal
41, 41ANylon 6
41BNylon 6 and Caprolactam
54, 54A, 54BNylon 6,6
224Ocean Transportation Freight Rates
158BOctane Improvers
158, 158AOctane Improvers for Gasoline
145BOffsite Investment Cost Estimation
142Oilfield Chemicals
35EOn-Purpose Butadiene Production
281On-Purpose Technologies for Polyethylene Comonomers
140, 140AOperating Costs in the Chemical Industry
135COpportunities for Gas-to-Liquid Technologies
212Options for Refinery Hydrogen
234AOrganic Light Emitting Diodes
113Organic Phosphorus Compounds
21, 21A, 21B, 21C, 21D, 21EOxo Alcohols
221Oxygenate Economics
171, 171A, 171B, 171C, 171DPesticides and Intermediates
205, 205APetrochemical Industry Profitability
169BPetrochemicals From Refinery Streams
72, 72A/1, 72BPetroleum Coke
47, 47APetroleum Desulfurization
222Petroleum Industry Outlook
215Petroleum Refining Profitability
120Petroleum Resins
22, 22A, 22B, 22C, 22DPhenol
34, 34A, 34BPhthalic Anhydride
159Plastic Films
199, 199APlastics Reclamation and Recycling 199
199BPlastics Recycling to Liquids
164Polyacetylene and Other Inherently Conducting Polymers
94/1, 94/2Polyamides Other Than Nylons 6 and 66
96, 96A, 96BPolybutylene Terephthalate (PBT) and Butanediol
50, 50A, 50B, 50C, 50D, 50EPolycarbonate
223Polycyclic Olefins
189Polyesters Thermoplastic
185APolyethylene by Slurry-Phase Polymerization
202APolyethylene Naphthalate Monomers
18, 18A, 18B, 18CPolyethylene Terephthalate
141, 141APolyethylene Terephthalate Bottles and Bottle Resins
51C, 51DPolymer Nanocomposites
173Polyolefin Specialty Products
174Polyolefins by Gas Phase Processes
45APolyols for Making Polyurethanes 45A
45BPolyols for Polyurethanes
45Polyols from Ethylene Oxide and Propylene Oxide
128, 128A, 128EPolypropylene
128CPolypropylene Update 128C
272Polysilicon for Solar Wafers
39, 39A, 39B, 39DPolystyrene
10, 10A, 10B, 10C, 10DPolyurethanes
57, 57APolyvinyl Acetate and Polyvinyl Alcohol
13, 13A, 13B, 13C/1, 13D, 13EPolyvinyl Chloride
14Potash Fertilizers
98, 98APowder Coatings
17/CPropane-Based Acrylonitrile
267APropane Dehydrogenation Process Technologies
262Propylene Glycol from Glycerin
178, 178APropylene Industry Outlook
2E, 2G, 2HPropylene Oxide
2, 2A, 2B, 2C, 2DPropylene Oxide And Ethylene Oxide
198Propylene Oxide Derivatives
267Propylene Production
60, 60AProteins from Hydrocarbons
143Pyrethroid Insecticides
151Recovery of Low Temperature Heat
254Refinery C5s Hydrocarbons
237ARefinery CO2 Emission Reduction
229Refinery Residue Gasification
228Refinery Residue Updating
169Refinery/Chemicals Interface
129Reforming for BTX
51, 51AReinforced Plastics
180ERetrofitting for Carbon Capture
153BSingle-Site Catalysts
185Slurry Phase Polypropylene
247BSmall Scale Gas-to-Liquids Technology
32BSmall-Scale Hydrogen Production
187BSoil Remediation
276Solar Photovoltaic Technology
206Solvents Specialty
218Speciality Surfactants
159A, 159BSpecialty Plastic Films
173ASpecialty Polyolefins: VLDPE
207Specialty Styrenic Thermoplastics
186Specialty Thermoplastic Elastomers
29JSteam Cracking of Crude Oil
248Steam Cracking For Olefins Production
244Strategic Business Units for Epoxy Resins and Polycarbonates
249Strategic Business Units of ABS and Polystyrene Resins
240Strategic Business Units of Nylon 6 and Nylon 66
33, 33A, 33B, 33CStyrene
176Styrene and p-Methylstyrene and Polymers
64Styrene Butadiene Elastomers
63CSulfur Dioxide Removal From Flue Gases
63, 63A, 63BSulfur Dioxide Removal From Stack Gases
230Sulfur Removal from Petroleum Fuels
84, 84ASulfuric Acid
194, 194ASuperabsorbent Polymers
19FSupercritcal Loop Reactor Slurry Process for Producing Polyethylene and Polypropylene
269Supercritical CO2: a Green Solvent
197Supercritical Fluid Processing
65BSyndiotactic Poly(meth)acrylates
128BSyndiotactic Polypropylene 128B
39CSyndiotactic Polystyrene
RP298Syngas Fermentation Processes
148ASynthesis Gas
110Synthesis Gas Production
148DSynthesis Gas Production from Chinese Gasifiers
148CSynthesis Gas Production from Coal and Petroleum Coke Gasification
148BSynthesis Gas Production from Natural Gas Reforming
53, 53A, 53A/1Synthetic Ethanol and Isopropanol
125ASynthetic Lubricant Base Stocks
125Synthetic Lubricants
87Synthetic Paper
128DTechnologies for the Production of Secondary Propylene
9FTerephthalic Acid
9, 9A, 9B, 9C, 9ETerephthalic Acid and Dimethyl Terephthalate
233The Promise of New Technology Platforms for Biotechnology
270Thermochemical Cellulosic Ethanol
175CThermoplastic Elastomer Blends
104, 104AThermoplastic Elastomers
93AThermosetting Matrix Resins
93Thermosetting Resins
117Titanium Dioxide Pigment
80Treatment of Petrochemical Wastewater
66Trimellitic and Pyromellitic Anhydrides
26, 26AUnsaturated Polyesters
56, 56AUrea
136, 136AUtilities Plant Costs
191Utilization of Remote Methane
152UV Curing of Coatings Inks and Adhesives
161Vacuum Residuum as a Petrochemical Feedstock
247EValue-Added Products from GTL Plants
15, 15AVinyl Acetate
15CVinyl Acetate Monomer
15BVinyl Acetate/Polyvinyl Acetate
5, 5A, 5B, 5B/1, 5C, 5DVinyl Chloride
62, 62AVinyl Plasticizers
253Vinyl Polymers
105Vinylidene Chloride, Monomer and Polymers
137Waste Treatment Costs
295Wastewater Treatment Technologies
130AWater-Soluble Polymers
130Water-Soluble Resins
8, 8A, 8B, 8CWet Process Phosphoric Acid
121, 121A, 121B, 121CWorld Petrochemical Feedstocks
25, 25A, 25B/1, 25CXylenes Separation
Review Number Review Name
2016-15Nitric Acid KBR Weatherly Single-Pressure Process
2016-14Ammonia Production by Haldor Topsøe Conventional Process
2016-12Chlor-Alkali Process Summary
2016-11Propylene Process Summary
2016-10Acrylic Acid Process Summary
2016-09Nitric Acid KBR Weatherly Dual-Pressure Process
2016-08Chemical Value Chain Production Economics
2016-07Air Separation Process Update
2016-06Pygas C5 Separation Processes
2016-05Process Summary: Natural Gas Liquids Separation and Recovery
2016-04ExxonMobil Butyl Rubber Process
2016-03LNG Process Summary
2016-02Toluene Methylation Process by GT-TolAlkSM Technology
2016-01Carbon monoxide production from syngas via cryogenic partial condensation process
2015-15LLDPE Process Summary
2015-14Acrylonitrile Process Summary
2015-13Small-Scale Floating LNG
2015-12BP’s PX Crystallization Process Offered by CB&I Lummus
2015-11BP New Generation Process for Polymer-Grade Terephthalic Acid Production
2015-10Hydrogen Process Summary
2015-09Ethylene Process Summary
2015-08Polyvinyl Chloride by JNC Suspension Polymerization Process
2015-07Hydrogen Cyanide by the Andrussow and BMA Processes
2015-06Polyamide (Nylon) 6 and 66 Process Summary
2015-05Cellulose Acetate Flake
2015-04Isoprene Production via Kuraray One-Step Isoprene and Formaldehyde Process
2015-03Hydrogen Balancing in a Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) Plant
2015-02Bayer-ThyssenKrupp ODC (Oxygen Depolarized Cathode) Chlor-Alkali Technology
2015-01Acid Gas Removal from Natural Gas
2014-15Sugar Production via Corn Wet Milling
2014-14Polybutadiene Production by Lithium Catalyst
2014-13On Purpose Octene-1 by Dow's Butadiene Telomerization Process
2014-12Octene-1 by Sasol Heptene-1 Hydroformylation Technology
2014-11Monoethylene Glycol (MEG) Process Summary
2014-10Acetic Acid from Syngas via the BP SaaBre Process
2014-09Polybutadiene Production by Neodymium Catalyst
2014-08Ethylbenzene by Badger EBMaxSM Liquid Phase Alkylation Process
2014-07Oxidative Coupling of Methane to Ethylene by Siluria Process
2014-06Methanol Process Summary
2014-05Methyl Methacrylate (MMA) Process Summary
2014-03Polypropylene Process Summary
2014-02Exxon Isodecyl Alcohol from Nonenes
2014-01Syngas via MIDREX® SynRGReformer
2013-15Hydrogen Peroxide
2013-14Liquid-Phase Alkylation of Dilute Ethylene to Ethylbenzene by Lummus Process
2013-13Update of Offsite Costs
2013-12LDPE Process Summary
2013-11Phenol and Cumene Process Summary
2013-10Adipic Acid from Free Fatty Acids via Verdezyne Fermentation
2013-09Coal-Based MEG Production by Ube Process
2013-08Coal-Based MEG Production by Sinopec SRIPT Process
2013-07Acetic Acid, Update of the BP Cativa Process
2013-06High-Purity Isobutylene from t-Butanol by LyondellBasell Process
2013-05Propylene Production via the Ethylene Dimerization and OCT Technology
2013-04Davy Methanation Process Technology Integrated with Coal to Substitute Natural Gas
2013-03Cerenol™—DuPont Polyether Glycol Made from 1,3-Propanediol (PDO
2013-02NGL Recovery by Low Pressure Drop Refrigeration Process
2013-01Acetic Acid, Update of the Celanese AO Plus Process
2012-15Tipping Point for Power Generation: New NGCC vs Legacy Coal
2012-14Light Naphtha Isomerization by JSC SIE Neftehim IsoMalk-2™ Process
2012-13Polyamide (Nylon) 6
2012-12Glacial Acrylic Acid via Sulzer Falling Film Crystallization
2012-111-Hexene Production by Axens AlphaHexol™ Process
2012-10Ethylene Glycol Production from Coal-Based Synthesis Gas
2012-09Polypropylene by INEOS Technologies Innovene™ PP Process
2012-08PEP Cost Index Methodology Update
2012-07Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether Production from Steam Cracker C4 Stream
2012-06High-Purity Isobutylene Production by MTBE Cracking
2012-05Propylene Production by the JGC/MCC DTP™ Process
2012-04Process Economics of Coal-Based Olefins Production in China
2012-03Coal Gasification Technology in China
2012-02Acetic Acid, Update of Oxidation Routes
2012-01Acetic Acid, Update of the Chiyoda Acetica™ Routes
2011-15Polypropylene by LyondellBasell's Spheripol Process
2011-14Methanol Production via Toyo Process
2011-13Advanced Technology Natural Gas Combined Cycle
2011-12Continuous SAP Production via Double Kneader Reactor
2011-11Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) Using CO2
2011-10Ethanol Production by Celanese Acetyl Technology
2011-09Bio-Based Isoprene
2011-08Polycarbonate via Dow Phosgenation Process
2011-07Updating the PEP Cost Index
2011-06Rebalancing the PEP Cost Index
2011-05On-Purpose Butadiene Production
2011-04Propylene Production via Metathesis of Ethylene and Butenes
2011-03Closed Loop Processing in Polysilicon Production
2011-02Carbonate Production by an Alkyltin Alkoxide Catalyst
2011-01Chloroacetic Acid by Direct Chlorination
2010-15CO2 Recovery by Fluor's CO2LDSep? Process
2010-14Bio-Based Succinic Acid
2010-13Reverse Osmosis for Seawater Desalination
2010-12Ethylene Oxide Production by Nippon Shokubai Process
2010-11Thermal Visbreaking of Vacuum Residue
2010-10Lummus/CB&I Hexene-1 from C4 Process (Comonomer Production Technology)
2010-09Propylene Production from Propane by the Catofin Process
2010-08Electrostatic Desalting of Opportunity Crude Oils
2010-07ABS Resin Production
2010-6Catalytic Steam Gasification
2010-5Lithium for Electric Vehicles—a Technology and Economic Assessment
2010-4Fischer-Tropsch Oxygenated Products
2010-3Ultra High Supercritical Pulverized Coal
2010-2ExxonMobil's Ultra High Viscosity Index Poly Alpha Olefin Lubricant Blend Stock
2010-1Polyvinyl Alcohol Production
2009-15Liquid Phase Methanol
2009-14C3-C4 Oligomerization for Gasoline
2009-13Natural Gas Recovery from Methane Hydrates via Depressurization
2009-12Carbon Dioxide Compression
2009-11Ammonia from Natural Gas by the KBR Purifier Process
2009-10Ammonia from Natural Gas by the Lurgi-Casale Megammonia Process
2009-9Biodiesel from Algae
2009-8Polyethylene Production By A Solution Process Using Loop Polymerization Reactors
2009-7Cyclic Olefin Copolymers (COC)
2009-6Polyphenylene Sulfide (PPS)
2009-5Biodiesel via the Heterogeneous Catalysis Catilin Process
2009-4Propylene Oxide by the BASF-Dow HPPO Process
2009-3Integrated Production of Toluene Diisocyanate from Toluene
2009-2Asahi Kasei Diphenyl Carbonate Process Involving the Production and Use of Dibutyl Carbonate
2009-1HF Alkylation Process Incorporating ExxonMobil Concepts Disclosed In U.S. Patent Applications Issued In June/July 2008
2008-15Process Water Management and Treatment
2008-14Processing Acidic Crude Oils
2008-13Five-Year Outlook for Mergers and Acquisitions in the Chemical Industry
2008-12Will the Real Carbon Footprint Please Stand Up?
2008-11Carbon Capture Via Oxycombustion
2008-10INEOS Slurry Loop Polyethylene Process
2008-9Fuel and Petrochemical Price Relationships in High Crude Oil Price Environment
2008-8Natural Gas Combined-Cycle Power Plant
2008-7Pulverized Coal Fired Power Plant
2008-6Advanced Pyrolysis Gasoline Upgrading
2008-5Olefinic Block Copolymer Production Using Dow Chemical's Chain Shuttling Process
2008-4Soil Remediation
2008-3Chemical Plant Security Regulations and Associated Costs
2008-2Acid Gas Removal
2008-1Toluene Diisocyanate from Toluene Diamine by Bayer Gas Phase Phosgenation Preliminary Evaluation
2007-15Estimating the Carbon Footprint of the Worldwide Chemical Industry
2007-14Reach Briefing: A Review of EU Chemicals' Licensing
2007-13Succinic Acid from Maleic Anhydride
2007-12Passenger Car Motor Oil: Development and Future Trends
2007-11Feedstock Price Issues for Bio-Derived Materials
2007-10Ammonia from Natural Gas by KBR "KAAP" Process
2007-9Ethyl Acetate by Direct Addition of Ethylene and Acetic Acid
2007-8IsoTherming™ Hydrotreating Process for Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel
2007-7Comparison of Polyethylene Processes
2007-6Speculative Incremental Design Improvement for Caprolactam Via Liquid Phase Ammoximation And Vapor Phase Rearrangement
2007-5Sellers Beware: Voluntary Carbon Offsets, Carbon Labels and the Chemical Industry
2007-4Epichlorohydrin from Glycerin
2007-3Hydrogen: a Technical Review
2007-2Fischer-Tropsch Reactor System Loop
2006-15p-Xylene by Combined Crystallization/Adsorption Process
2006-14Production of Toluene Diisocyanate from Toluene Diamine and Dimethyl Carbonate
2006-13Polyethylene by Basells Hostalen Process
2006-12Trends in Coating Resins Made by Emulsion Polymerization
2006-11Production of Propylene from Fluid Catalytic Cracker Naphtha Streams
2006-10Polyethylene By Basell's Spherilene Process
2006-9North American Ethylene Feedstocks
2006-8Major Trends Affecting the Chemical Industry
2006-7Remote Gas Strategies Onsite Storage of Natural Gas Hydrates
2006-6Short Contact Time Catalytic Cracking
2006-5Iron Catalysis for Fischer-Tropsch Fuels Production
2006-4Sucralose Production Via the Sucrose-6-Acetate Route
2006-3Biodiesel and Global Warmer Emissions: Is The Biofuel For Fossil Fuel Trade-Off Actually A Payoff?
2006-2Price, Labor Cost and Labor Productivity Indices for PEP Cost Index China
2006-1PEP Cost Index—China East Coast
2005-15Recovery Of Styrene From Pyrolysis Gasoline
2005-14Polyethylene by Chevron-Phillips Slurry Loop Process
2005-13Vinylidene Chloride Copolymers by Suspension and Emulsion Polymerization
2005-12Current Development of Technology for the Production of Bisphenol A
2005-11Advances In Naphtha Steam Cracking
2005-10Estimating CO2 from Production-Cost Data: What and Why?
2005-09Diphenyl Carbonate from Phenol via Diphenyl Oxalates with Improved Ube Technology
2005-08Production of Ethylene-Based Elastomers by a Solution Process with Exxpol™ Metallocene Catalyst
2005-07Biodiesel via Axens Heterogeneous Catalysis Esterfip-H Process
2005-06Polyethylene By Borealis' Borstar Process
2005-05Lyondell Direct-Oxidation Propylene Oxide Technology
2005-04Ethanol From Switchgrass
2005-03LNG Regasification
2005-02Remote Gas Strategies Commercial Status of GTL
2005-01Remote Gas Strategies – Industry Status of Remote Gas Production
2004-15Superflex™ Process For Light Olefins
2004-14An Integrated Process for TDI via TDA and Dimethylcarbonate
2004-13Online Trading for Chemicals: Status Outlook
2004-12Formic Acid by Kemira Process
2004-11Mega Ammonia
2004-10Ethanol from Straw
2004-9Hexafluoropropylene Oxide Production by a Biphasic Process
2004-8Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology Update
2004-7Update of Caprolactam via Liquid Phase Ammoximation and Vapor Phase Rearrangement
2004-6Physical Property Issues In Simulation: Liquid-Liquid Equilibria
2004-5Experience Curve Impact on Capital Cost
2004-4Cyclohexanone from Cyclohexane by Bionic Oxidation with Sinopec Technology
2004-31,3-Propanediol from Ethylene Oxide via A 3-Hydroxyester
2004-1Physical Property Issues In Simulation: Vapor-Liquid Equilibria
2003-15Base Load LNG By Cascade Refrigeration
2003-14Developments in the External Value of Intellectual Property in the Chemical Industry
2003-13Competitive Intelligence from Environmental Regulatory Information
2003-12NExOCTANE™ Isooctane Process
2003-11Ethanol from Bagasse
2003-10New One-Step Oxo Process for 1,3-Propanediol
2003-9"Jumbo" Dimethyl Ether Production Process via Toyo Technology
2003-8Salicylic Acid
2003-7Anionic Polystyrene; A New Generation
2003-6Online Process Economics Optimizers
2003-5Process for Production of Ethylene Vinyl Alcohol Copolymer
2003-4Economics Forces Restructuring The Chemical Industry
2003-3Monetizing Carbon Dioxide Into Synthesis Gas
2003-2Soil Remediation: Air Sparging and Thermal Desorption
2003-1Carbon Nanotubes In Japan
2002-15Divided-Wall Distillation Technology
2002-14Ethylbenzene From Ethylene And Benzene via Zeolite Catalyzed Process (Sept 2003)
2002-13Advances in Solid State Hydrogen Storage Technologies
2002-12Butadiene Extraction by BASF New NMP Process
2002-11Acrylate-Based Weakly Acidic Cationic Ion Exchange Resins
2002-10Diphenyl Carbonate from Ethylene Carbonate via Dimethyl Carbonate by Asahi Technology
2002-9Production of Perfluorodioxole and Amorphous Fluoropolymer
2002-8Polyhydroxyalkanoates from Organic Wastes
2002-7Liquefied Natural Gas By The Mixed Fluid Cascade Process
2002-6Update on Phenol From Benzene via Single-Step Hydroxylation
2002-5Biodiesel Production Via Axens' Heterogeneous Catalysis Process
2002-4Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) By A Supercritical CO2 Process
2002-3Hydrogen Energy and Its Future Applications
2002-2Hydrogen Energy and Its Present Applications
2002-1Security Vulnerability Assessments for the Chemical Industry
2001-15Technologies for Lower-Carbon Power Generation
2001-14“Jumbo” Methanol Production Process via Toyo Technology
2001-13White Mineral Oils by the BASF Process
2001-12S Zorb Diesel Sulfur Removal Technology
2001-11UOP Methanol to Olefins
2001-10The Olefins Industry in the New EU Member States: Profile And Competitive Assessment
2001-9Acrylic Acid Production by Propane Oxidation
2001-8Hydrogen Outlet For Methanol
2001-7Single-Step Hydrogen Gas Synthesis
2001-6Ethylene Carbonate From Ethylene Oxide
2001-5Barge Mounted Methanol Production
2001-4Petroleum Coke Gasification
2001-3Commercial Production of Calcium Formate
2001-2Physical Property Issues In Simulation: Gas Solubility
2001-1Six Sigma In Chemicals: More Than A Fad, But Not For Everyone
2000-15Future Process Technology Developments
2000-14Reaction Injection Molded Automotive Body Panels
2000-13Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Via Reactive Distillation
2000-12Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Via Low Boiling Solvent Slurry Phase
2000-11Barge Mounted GTL Production
2000-10Impact Of The EU's 'Reach' Chemicals Policy
2000-9Impact Of Biodiesel Growth: A Strategic Assessment
2000-8Demography And Demand: Growth Scenarios For 2040
2000-7Ethanol From Corn Stover
2000-6Regeneration Of Sulfuric Acid From Sulfate Salts Via Hydrogen Peroxide
2000-5Acrolein Production From Propane
2000-4Carbon Trading In The Chemical Industry: A Look At Coming CO2 Emission Limits
2000-3Hydroquinone From Phenol Using Ti-Si Catalyst
2000-2Maleic Anhydride from n-Butane by the Boc/Mitsubishi Technology
2000-1The Aftertreatment Market For Particle And Nox Emissions In Diesel Road Transport
99-14Methyl Methacrylate By Lucite's Alpha Technology
99-13a-Tocopherol (Vitamin E) Acetate Production From Citral Via Isophytol
99-12The Economics of Recycling PET in Europe
99-11Responsible Investing and the Chemical Industry
99-10Ascorbic Acid
99-9Integrated Hydrogen Peroxide And Propylene Oxide Technology
99-8Fluidized-Bed Technology For Vinyl Acetate Monomer
99-7Lipase Production Using Pseudomonas Alcaligenes
99-6alpha-Amylase Production Using Bacillus Species
99-5Auto Dismantling
99-4Catalytic Cracking of Light Cracked Naphtha to Produce Propylene
99-3Linear Alkylbenzene By Heterogeneous Catalysis (Update)
99-2ENI Slurry Hydroprocessing Technology For Diesel Fuel
99-1Basell's Multizone Circulating Reactor (MZCR) Process
98-15Caprolactam Via Gas Phase Beckmann Rearrangement
98-14The Alkylene™ Process- Solid Acid Alkylation System
98-13Methanol To Propylene By The Lurgi MTP Process
98-12Production of Propylene from C4
98-11Production of Phenol From Benzene and Hydrogen Peroxide
98-10Diphenyl Carbonate from Phenol via Diphenyl Oxalates with UBE Technology
98-09Aromatics Saturation of Diesel via Two-Stage Hydrotreating
98-08Production of Isobutylbenzene via The Alkylation of Toluene With Propylene
98-07Hydrocracking Technology for Middle Distillate
98-06Ethanol via Hydration of Ethylene
98-05Chloralkali by Electrolytic Cells With Improved Technology
98-04Production of Pyridine and Beta-Picoline
98-03Propylene Oxide Via Direct Oxidation Of Propylene
98-02Acrylonitrile Via The Ammoxidation Of Propane
98-01Ethylenediamine Via The Amination of Monoethanolamine
97-15Styrene Via Benzene And Ethane
97-13Aromatics Complex Economics
97-12Acetic Acid by the Chiyoda/UOP Acetica™ Process
97-11Liquid Hydrocarbons from Natural Gas by Exxon's AGC 21 Process
97-9L-Lysine by Fermentation with Recovery by Ion-Exchange
97-8Lysine-Sulfate Production by Fermentation with Recovery by Spray Drying
97-7Deep Catalytic Cracking
97-6One Step Phenol from Benzene by the AlphOx Process
97-5The Changing Structure of the Chemical Industry
97-4Supply Chain Management Practices Benchmarks in the Bulk Polymer Industry
97-3Dow's Ethane Based Process for Ethylbenzene
97-2Eastman Syngas-based Route for Methyl Methacrylate
97-1PET Bottle Resin by Pyromellitic Dianhydride Process
96-12Combinatorial Chemistry
96-11Ethylene Outlook
96-10Purified Terephthalic Acid From p-Xylene by Hydrolysis of Dimethyl Terephthalate
96-9Aliphatic Polyketones from Carbon Monoxide and Olefins by the Shell Liquid-Phase Polymerization Process
96-8Natural Gas to Liquid Hydrocarbons Technology Based on the Syntroleum Process
96-7Lactic Acid By Fermentation
96-6ICI's Polymethyl Methacrylate Tertiary Recycling Technology
96-5Styrene-Butadiene Rubber
96-4Hexamethylenediamine And Caprolactam From Adiponitrile by Partial Hydrogenation and Cyclization of Aminocapronitrile
96-3Titanium Dioxide Technology Trends and Regional Production Cost Benchmarking
96-2Formaldehyde From Methanol
96-1Outlook For Propylene Availability in Asia-Pacific
95-1-9Asahi Methacrolein Oxidative-Esterification Technology
95-1-81-Hexene From Ethylene By The Phillips Trimerization Technology
95-1-7Chlorine From Hydrogen Chloride by The Du Pont Electrolytic Process
95-1-6Acrylonitrile Via High-Conversion Propane Ammoxidation
95-1-5Norbornene from Dicyclopentadiene and Ethylene
95-1-4RButanediol from n-Butane via Maleic Acid Hydrogenation
95-1-3Bisphenol A Via Sinopec-Lummus Technology
95-1-2Caprolactam From Butadiene
95-1-12Intermaterial Substitution Simulation
95-1-11Mitsui's Acetone Recycling Technology in Phenol Manufacturing
95-1-10Butanediol From Butadiene Via Epoxybutene
95-1-1Tert-Amyl Methyl Ether by the Nextame Process
94-3-3Petrochemical Industry Cyclicality and Outlook
94-3-2Polytetramethylene Glycol from Tetrahydrofuran via a Diacetate Intermediate
94-3-1Natural Gas Pricing Mechanisms
94-2-4Styrene from Butadiene via 4-Vinylcyclohexene by the Dow Process
94-2-3Update on Maleic Anhydride From N-Butane Via Fluidized Bed Reactor with an Organic Solvent Absorber
94-2-2One-Step Oxo Process For 1,3-Propanediol
94-2-1A Nontower Process for High Bulk Density Detergent Powders
94-1-4Dendrimer Polymer from Diaminobutane and Acrylonitrile
94-1-3Chlorine from Hydrogen Chloride by the Carrier Catalyst Process
94-1-2Lucky Nonphosgenation Process: MDI and PMPPI by Carbonylation
94-1-11,4-Butanediol from Maleic Anhydride via Dimethyl Maleate
93-3-4Xylenes Isomerization
93-3-3Haldor Topsoe Alkylation Process
93-3-2Coproduction of Ethylene and Vinyl Chloride by USC/Occidental Chemical Process
93-3-1Styrene from Dilute Ethylene
93-2-4Polyethernitrile (PENI) Heat Resistant Polymer From 2,6-Dichlorobenzonitrile and Resorcinol
93-2-3Maleic Anhydride From n-butane; Fixed Bed Reactor; Organic Solvent Recovery
93-2-2Methanol Profitability: History and Outlook
93-2-1Natural Detergent Alcohols by a Vapor-Phase Ester Hydrogenation Process
93-1-4Ammonia from Natural Gas
93-1-3The Economic Viability of Using Membranes in Chemical Processes Involving Hydrogen Transport
93-1-2Quick Estimates of Production Costs
93-1-1Pyromellitic Dianhydride
92-3-4Cumene by a Catalytic Distillation Process
92-3-3Methyl Chloride Manufacture
92-3-2Purification of Wet Process Phosphoric Acid by a Solvent Extraction Process
92-3-1Isobutene from Isobutane by Snamprogetti/Yarsintez Dehydrogenation Process
92-2-4Dimethyl-2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylate from o-Xylene by Amoco Technology
92-2-3N-(1,3-Dimethylbutl)-Ni-Phenyl-P-Phenylenediamine Via a Novel 4-Nitrodiphenylamine AND 4-Nitrosodiphenylamine
92-2-2C4 Olefins Utilization
92-2-1Melamine By the Melamine Chemicals M-II Process
92-1-4Degradable High Molecular Weight Polymers and Copolymers from Lactic Acid
92-1-3Mobil Diisopropyl Ether Process
92-1-2Microbial Insecticides: BacillusThuringiensis
92-1-1Coproduction of Dimethyl Carbonate and Ethylene Glycol by Transesterification
91-3-4Styrene from Ethylbenzene Using Membrane Reactors
91-3-3Acrylamide by Enzymatic Hydration of Acrylonitrile (third generation)
91-3-2Methanol from Natural Gas by ICI's LCM Process
91-3-1Polycarbonates From Bisphenol Compounds Via Cyclic Oligomers By GE Plastics Technlogy
91-2-4Isobutene Production by Isomerization Of N-Butene
91-2-3Polypropylene By a Vertical Stirred-Bed Process (BASF Technology)
91-2-2Carbon Monoxide-Ethylene Copolymers
91-2-1Dihydroxybenzenes From Phenol By Vapor-Phase Hydroxolation
91-1-4Removal of Mercury From Ethylene Plant Feedstocks and Cracked Gas Streams
91-1-3Catalytica Acetaldehyde Process
91-1-1Isobutane Dehydrogenation by Thermal Cracking
90-3-4Low Pressure Oxo Process with Liquid Recycle
90-3-3Syngas by the Partial Oxidation of Natural Gas
90-3-2Isophorone Diisocyanate by a Nonphosgenation Process
90-3-1Polyethylene Terephthalate Recycle by Depolymerization
90-2-4Linear Alkylbenzene by Heterogeneous Catalysis
90-2-3The SDS Polystyrene Process
90-2-2Urea by UTI's Heat Recycle Process
90-2-1Tetrahydrofuran from Maleic Acid (Du Pont Process)
90-1-4Sucralose - A High Intensity, Noncaloric Sweetener
90-1-3Acetonitrile Recovery in Acrylonitrile Manufacture
90-1-2Hydrogen Peroxide by the ARCO Process
89-3-3Options for Procuring Oxygen
89-3-2R95% Nitrogen from Air by Vacuum Pressure Swing Adsorption
90-1-1Propylene Oxide by the Olin Process
89-3-4The Nitto Chemical Methylamines Process
89-3-1Methanol from Natural Gas by the Lurgi Combined Reformining Process
89-2-4Nonmanufacturing Overhead Spending in the Chemicals Industry
89-2-3Acetal Copolymers by an Asahi Chemical Process
89-2-2Nylon 12,12 Resin from Butadiene by Du Pont Technology
89-2-1Review of Trends in the PEP Plant Construction Cost Indices and Location Factors
89-1-4Xylenes Isomerization
89-1-3Ammonia From Natural Gas by ICI "LCA" Process
89-1-2Petrochemicals Price Behavior
89-1-1New Methyl Methacrylate Process Via Acetone Cyanohydrin
88-3-4Acetic Acid by Low Pressure Carbonylation of Methanol with a Supported Rhodium Catalyst
88-3-3Vinyl Chloride from EDC Pyrolysis by Tosoh Technology
88-3-2ETBE Versus MTBE
88-3-1Applications and Opportunities in Ceramic Coatings
88-2-4Acrylonitrile from Propane by New BP/SOHIO Patented Process
88-2-3Methanol from Natural Gas by BNL Low Temperature Catalyzed Synthesis
88-2-2UOP Styrene Process
88-2-1Recovery of Sulfur and Hydrogen from Hydrogen Sulfide by Idemitsu's Hybrid Process
88-1-4Isobutylene, High-Purity, by Phenol Alkylation
88-1-3Nylon 4,6
88-1-2Alkylbenzene, Linear, Using HF Catalyst
88-1-1Hydrogen Sulfide Removal/Unisulf Process
87-3-4Methyl Methacrylate from Ethylene
87-3-3Cyclohexanol from Benzene by Asahi Chemical Process
87-3-2Caprolactam Process (Modified) by Montedipe Technology
87-3-1MTBE from Butadiene Rich Mixed C4s
87-2-4Methyl Formate by Dehydrogenation of Methanol
87-2-3Methyl Ethyl Ketone by Oxidation of n-Butenes
87-2-2Piperidine from Furfural by Mitsubishi Technology
87-2-1Hydrogen Peroxide from H2 and Oxygen, DuPont
87-1-4Dimethyl Carbonate from Methanol
87-1-3Naphtha Etherification
87-1-2Ethylene from Ethane by Oxydehydrogenation
87-1-1Chlorine from Hydrogen Chloride by Oxidation
86-3-4m-Aminophenol from Resorcinol by Amination
86-3-3Methanol from Natural Gas with Entrained Catalyst System
86-3-2Poly(Proypylene Carbonates)
86-3-11,4-Butanediol from Allyl Alcohol
86-2-32,6-Xylenol and o-Cresol from Phenol
86-2-2Sulfuric Acid from Phosphogypsum, DMC-FIPR Process
86-2-1Allyl Alcohol from Propylene, Showa Denko
86-1-4Isononyl Alcohols by Hydroformylation
86-1-3Polymers, Specialty, R&D Trends
86-1-2p-Xylene Separation, CCCC Process
86-1-1Nitrogen from Air by Pressure Swing Adsorption
85-3-4Polyvinyl Chloride by a Continuous Suspension Process
85-3-3Aromatics from LPG
85-3-2Hydroquinone from Phenol, Zeolite-Catalyzed
85-3-1Tetramethylene Diamine for Nylon 4,6
85-2-4Ethanol from Natural Gas
85-2-3Molecular Sieve Drying of 190 Proof Ethanol
85-2-2Ethylene by the Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Ethane
85-2-1Propylene from Ethylene by Disproportionation
85-1-4Dow/Union Carbide Process for Mixed Alcohols from Syngas
85-1-3Fiber S, a Novel Polyamide Blend with the Feel of Cotton
85-1-2Acrylic Acid Based Superabsorbent Polymer
85-1-1Trimellitic Anhydride From m-Xylene
84-3-4C5-C6 Isomerization
84-3-3Dimerization of Ethylene to Butene-1
84-3-2Enriched Air by a Membrane Process
84-3-1A Process for Making Polyethylene Polyamines
84-2-4Acrylamide by Enzymatic Hydration of Acrylonitrile
84-2-3Hydrogen Peroxide by Cathodic Reduction of Oxygen
84-2-2Secondary Butyl Alcohol via Direct Hydration
84-2-1Lurgi Isothermal Styrene Process
84-1-4Cumene by Combined Reaction/Distillation
84-1-3Hydrogen by Methanol Decomposition
84-1-2Adipic Acid via Butadiene Carbonylation
84-1-1Carbon Black by the Oil-Furnace Process, with Oxygen as the Oxidant Gas
83-3-4Direct Process for Ethylene Glycol from Syngas
83-3-3Ethylene Glycol from Formaldehyde via Glycolaldehyde
83-3-2Chlorinated Polyethylene
83-3-1Tetrahydrofuran and 1,4-Butanediol from Acetylene and Formaldehyde
83-2-4Tetramethylxylylene Diisocyanate by American Cyanamid Technology
83-2-3Group-Transfer Polymerization Applications
83-2-2New Nonphosgenation Process for MDI by Asahi Chemical Industry
83-2-1Ammonia from ICI's Low Pressure "AMV" Process
83-1-4Recovery of Hydrogen Chloride
83-1-3Sodium Nitrilotriacetate
83-1-2p-Cresol from p-Toluenesulfonic Acid
83-1-1para-Xylene from Toluene and Methanol
82-3-3Concentrated Nitric Acid (Espindesa Technology)
82-3-2Urea Granulation by the Fluid Bed Process (NSM Technology)
82-3-1Urea by The Isobaric Double Recycle Process
82-2-3Anthraquinone from Toluene
82-2-21,4-Butanediol and Tetrahydrofuran from Butadiene
82-2-1Ethylene from Methane-Chlorine Reaction System
82-1-3Ethylene from Hydrocracked Vacuum Gas Oil Produced by the Linde AG Process
82-1-2Ethylene from Hydrocracked Vacuum Gas Oil Produced by the Unicracking/FPP
82-1-1Bisphenol A from Phenol and Acetone With an Ion Exchange Resin Catalyst—Union Carbide Technology
81-3-3Synthetic Zeolites in Commercial Applicaitons
81-3-2Styrene from Toluene
81-3-1Recent Trends in the PEP Plant Construction Cost Indices and Location
81-2-3Gasoline from Natural Gas via Methanol/Mobil
81-2-2Polypropylene, El Paso Process Using Mitsui/Montedison Catalyst
81-2-1Ethylene Glycol via Oxalate Esters
81-1-3Caprolactam vis SNIA Viscosa Process
81-1-2Methyl Isobutyl Ketone by Direct Condensation of Acetone
81-1-1Caustic Soda from Trona Caustization Process
80-3-31,4-Butanediol by Electrochemical Synthesis
80-3-2Ethylene from Synthesis Gas
80-3-1Chemicals via Butylene Oxides by Hydroperoxide Process
80-2-3Propylene from Propane by Catalytic Dehydrogenation
80-2-2Phenol from Toluene, Coproduct Formaldehyde
80-2-1Phenol from Ethylbenzene, Coproduct VA
80-1-4PMPPI from Nitrobenzene by Carbonylation
80-1-3Ethylene by Methanol Homologation
80-1-2Recycle C4s for Ethylene Production
80-1-1Supplementary LPG Feed for Naphtha Crackers
79-3-4Ethylene from Ethanol
79-3-2Ethylene from Methanol
79-3-1Olefins, Light, from Ethylene
79-2-4Methyl Methacrylate from Isobutylene
79-2-3p-Xylene from Non-aromatics
79-2-1Ethylene Glycol via Ethylene Carbonate
79-1-4Methyl Methacrylate from Allyl Acetate
79-1-3PMPPI and MDI from Nitrobenzene
79-1-2MTBE from n-Butane
79-1-1Polyethylene, High Density, Gas Phase Process
78-3-4Acetic Acid, Low Pressure Carbonylation of Methanol
78-3-3Butene-1 from MTBE Plant Raffinate
78-3-2Isomerization of n-Butenes in MTBE Manufacture
78-3-1Methyl Methacrylate from Ethylene
78-2-4Methyl Methacrylate from t-Butanol
78-2-3HMDA by Electrolytic Dimerization of Acrylonitrile
78-2-2Anthraquinone from Naphthalene
78-2-1Ethylene Glycol via Oxalate Esters
78-1-4Synthesis Gas Costs
78-1-3Methyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether
78-1-2Nitrobenzene by Adiabatic Nitration
78-1-1Ethylene from Crude Oil, UCC/Kureha/Chiyoda
77-3-4Propylene Glycol
77-3-3Ethylene from atmospheric Gas Oil
77-3-2Vinyl Acetate, Carbonylation of Methyl Acetate
77-3-1Polyethylene, Low Density, Union Carbide Process
77-2-5Polymeric Polyisocyanates (PMPPI) or Polymeric MDI by Carbonylation Process
77-2-4Terephthalic Acid (Medium Purity) from p-Xylene
77-2-3Toluene Diisocyanate by Carbonylation Process via Urethane
77-2-2Ethylene from Naphtha, Millisecond Cracking
77-2-1Maleic Anhydride from Butene, Benzene, Butane
77-1-4Styrene from Butadiene
77-1-2Styrene Economics
77-1-1Propylene Oxide from Propylene Glycol Monoacetate
76-3-5Propylene Oxide by Perpropionic Acid Epoxidation
76-3-4Hydrogen Cyanide from Methanol
76-3-3Ethylene from Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen
76-3-2An Inorganic Process for Making Hydrogen Peroxide
76-3-1Acetic Anhydride from Dimethyl Ether or Methyl Acetate
76-2-4Phenol by Direct Oxidation of Benzene
76-2-3Terephthalic Acid from Toluene via Dipotassium Terephthalate
76-2-1Methyl Methacrylate from Isobutylene via Methacrylic Acid
76-1-4Uranium Recovery from Wet Process Phosphoric Acid
76-1-3Styrene from Toluene and Ethylene via Stilbene
76-1-2Fluorocarbon Turbines
76-1-1Methyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether
75-3-4Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride
75-3-3Acetic Acid from Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen
75-3-2Power Costs for Chemical Companies Operating in the Houston, Texas Area
75-3-1Economics of Alternative Olefin Feedstocks
75-2-4Ethylene Oxide Update
75-2-3The PEP Construction Cost Index
75-2-2Outlook for Ammonia Industry
75-2-1Maleic Anhydride From Normal &s or Benzene
75-1-5Ethylene By Hydrocracking
75-1-4Plastic Bottles for Carbonated Beverages Polyester Versus Nitrile
75-1-3Recovery of By-Product Maleic Anhydride in Phthalic Anhydride Plants
75-1-2Closed Cycle Thermal Reactions Compared with Electrolysis for the Production of Hydrogen
75-1-1Ion-Exchange Membrane Cells for Electrolysis of Sodium Chloride
X-3-4Energy Demand, U.S. Chemical Industry
X-3-3Ethylene Glycol via Glycol Esters
X-3-2Hydrogen Cyanide
X-3-1Maleic Anhydride from Butene or Benzene
X-2-CEthane Recovery from Natural Gas
X-2-AAromatics BTX, Value
X-2-4Detergent Alcohols Outlook
X-2-2Ethylene Glycol from Synthesis Gas
X-1-5Vapor Recompression
X-1-4Styrene-Aniline Cooproduction
X-1-3Environmental Regulations
X-1-1Ethylene and Coproducts, Value
IX-3-5Terephthalic Acid from p-Xylene, Description of Maruzen Process
IX-3-4Toluene Steam Dealkylation
IX-3-3Ethylene Glycol from Synthesis Gas
IX-3-2Ethylene from Natural Gas
IX-3-1Synthesis Gas from Natural Gas or Coal
IX-2-5Formaldehyde from Natural Gas
IX-2-4Ethylene Glycols, Direct Oxidation
IX-2-3Hydroquinone Processes
IX-2-2Aromatics Extraction
IX-2-1Trimellitic Anhydride from Pseudocumene
IX-1-6PolyvinylChloride, Vapor Phase Bulk Polymerization
IX-1-5Aniline, Amination of Benzene
IX-1-4Terephthalic Acid from p-Xylene through Terephthalonitrile
IX-1-3Improvement on the Manufacture of Ethylene Oxide By Using a New Silver Catalyst
IX-1-2Methanol from Non-Hydrocarbon Sources
IX-1-1Cost of Utilities
Process Summaries
Review Number    Review Name
2013-11Phenol and Cumene Process Summary
2013-12LDPE Process Summary
2014-03Polypropylene Process Summary
2014-05MMA Process Summary
2014-06Methanol Process Summary
2014-11MEG Process Summary
2015-06Polyamide (Nylon) 6 and 66 Process Summary
2015-09Ethylene Process Summary
2015-10Hydrogen Process Summary
2015-14Acrylonitrile Process Summary
2015-15LLDPE Process Summary
2016-03LNG Process Summary
2016-05Natural Gas Liquids Separation and Recovery
2016-12Chlor-Alkali Process Summary
Consolidated Reports Yearbook

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Jan 04

China’s natural resources balancing act

Despite a recent slowing, three decades of growth have elevated China into one of the world’s most powerful economies. China’s entry into the World Trade Organization in 2001 sparked a repositioning of global supply chains and catalyzed impressive growth in its manufacturing sector as well as its economy overall. However, more recently that growth is slowing..more

Jan 04

Engineering and construction (E&C): The industry now and going forward

The engineering and construction (E&C) industry has been largely affected by the changing energy and petrochemical landscape. In the last decade, the industry saw a proliferation of projects in the United States as domestic and foreign investors rushed to monetize cheap shale gas via LNG, petrochemical, and fertilizer projects. ..more

Nov 18

Consolidation continues to reshape the chemical distribution industry

Consolidation continues to be an ongoing trend in the chemical distribution industry, driven by the sector’s highly-fragmented state. Despite steady deal activity driven by private equity and the emergence of large, publicly traded global players, the industry currently has more than 10,000 distributors globally, according to ind..more

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