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Specialty Chemicals Update Program

Synthetic Lubricants

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Abbreviations8
Summary9
Polyalphaolefins (PAO)11
Esters12
Polyalkylene glycols13
Overview of the Synthetic Lubricants Industry14
Introduction14
North America15
Industry structure15
Company profiles19
Chemtura Corporation19
The Dow Chemical Company20
ExxonMobil Chemical Company20
Quaker Chemical Corporation20
Operating Characteristics21
Research and development21
Manufacturing21
Marketing22
Cost structure and profitability22
Government regulations22
Trends and opportunities23
Critical factors for success24
Western Europe24
Industry structure24
Company profile—BASF26
Operating Characteristics27
Research and development27
Manufacturing28
Marketing29
Cost structure and profitability30
Government regulations30
Developmental phase30
Marketing31
Utilization31
Automotive lubricants31
Hydraulic fluids32
Lubricants for refrigeration32
Biodegradable fluids33
Disposal34
Trends and opportunities35
Automotive lubricating oils36
Lubricants for refrigeration38
Industrial lubricants and functional fluids38
Strategic issues39
Critical factors for success40
Japan41
Industry structure41
Company profiles42
Kao Corporation42
Lion Corporation43
NOF Corporation43
Operating Characteristics44
Research and development44
Manufacturing44
Marketing44
Cost structure and profitability45
Government regulations45
Trends and opportunities46
Critical factors for success47
China48
Industry structure48
Company profile—Sinopec Lubricant Company50
Synthetic Lubricant Products and Markets51
Products and functions51
Polyalphaolefins53
Polyol esters54
Dibasic acid esters55
Polyalkylene glycols55
Phosphate esters56
Polymer esters57
Polybutenes57
Dialkylbenzenes58
Alkylnaphthalenes58
Other Specialty Products58
Fluorinated compounds58
Multiply alkylated cyclopentanes59
Polyphenyl ethers60
Polyvinyl ethers60
Silicate ester lubricants60
Silicones and fluorosilicones61
Competing products61
Group III/III+ base oils61
GTL base oils62
North America62
Consumption and markets62
Polyalphaolefins63
Automotive applications64
Aviation applications65
Industrial applications65
Grease and other applications65
Polyol esters66
Automotive and aviation applications67
Industrial applications68
Polyalkylene glycols68
Automotive applications69
Industrial applications69
Dibasic acid esters70
Automotive and aviation applications70
Industrial applications71
Polybutenes71
Automotive applications72
Industrial applications72
Phosphate esters72
Aviation applications73
Industrial applications73
Alkylnaphthalenes74
Dialkylbenzenes74
Other specialty products74
Silicones and fluorosilicones75
Fluorinated products75
Polyphenyl ethers75
Silicate esters75
Market participants76
Polyalphaolefins77
Polyol esters and diesters78
Polyalkylene glycols78
Polybutenes79
Phosphate esters80
Alkylnaphthalenes (alkylated naphthalene)80
Dialkylbenzenes80
Other specialty products80
Prices81
Future trends and strategic issues81
Central and South America82
Western Europe83
Consumption and Markets83
Overview83
Polyalphaolefins85
Automotive crankcase lubricants for gasoline engines86
Automotive crankcase lubricants for diesel engines87
Automotive gear lubricants87
Other auto lubricants88
Aviation crankcase lubricants88
Industrial uses88
Polyol esters89
Automotive crankcase lubricants89
Aviation turbine oils90
Fire-resistant and biodegradable hydraulic fluids90
Refrigerant oils91
Metalworking oils91
Metal rolling oils92
Industrial gear and transformer oils92
Compressor oils92
Greases and other92
Polyalkylene glycols92
Two-cycle engine oils93
Fire-resistant hydraulic fluids94
Circulating, bearing and gear oils94
Textile oils94
Compressor oils94
Metalworking oils95
Refrigerant oils95
Monoesters95
Dibasic and tribasic acid esters95
Automotive crankcase lubricants96
Other automotive uses96
Aviation turbine oils96
Bearings, hydraulic fluids, gears and greases97
Industrial compressor oils97
Polybutenes97
Two-cycle engine oils98
Compressor oils98
Gear and hydraulic oils, greases99
Metalworking oils99
Phosphate esters99
Fire-resistant hydraulic fluids100
Aviation hydraulic fluids100
Turbine oils and compressor oils100
Dialkylbenzenes101
Refrigeration oils101
Metalworking Oils101
Other specialty products102
Silicones and fluorosilicones102
Fluorinated compounds102
Silicate esters103
Market participants103
Mergers and acquisitions in the lubricants industry104
Polyalphaolefins and related products106
ExxonMobil107
INEOS Oligomers107
Chevron Phillips107
Esters107
Dibasic and tribasic acid esters107
Polyol esters108
Polymer esters108
Polyalkylene glycols108
Other synlube base stocks108
Synlube compounders and marketers109
Prices109
Future trends and strategic issues110
Market-driven trends110
Technology-driven trends111
Environmentally driven trends112
Central and Eastern Europe113
Middle East and Africa114
Asia115
Japan115
Consumption and markets115
Overview115
Polyalphaolefins116
Polyalkylene glycols117
Polyol esters (hindered esters)118
Polybutenes120
Dibasic acid esters121
Phosphate esters122
Dialkylbenzenes123
Other specialty products124
Market participants125
Polyalphaolefins126
Polyalkylene glycols127
Polyol esters127
Polybutenes127
Dibasic acid esters128
Phosphate esters128
Dialkylbenzenes128
Other specialty products128
Prices128
China129
Consumption and markets129
Overview129
Polyalphaolefins130
Polyol esters133
Polyalkylene glycols135
Market participants137
Prices138
Other Asia138
Consumption and markets138
Polybutenes138
Polyalphaolefins139
Synthetic lube oil139
Market participants140
Overview of the Lubricating Oil Industry141
Base oil141
Capacity outlook141
Supply141
Demand142
Trade balance142
Finished lubricants142
Supply142
Demand143
Lubricant formulation trends and base oil impacts145
Industry structure146
North America146
Producers and products146
Consumption148
Growth forecast149
South America150
Producers and products150
Consumption150
Growth forecast151
Western Europe151
Producers and products151
Production153
Consumption153
Growth forecast155
Central and Eastern Europe156
Industry structure156
Producers and products156
Production157
Consumption157
Growth forecast158
Middle East158
Producers and products158
Consumption159
Growth forecast159
Africa160
Producers and products160
Consumption161
Growth forecast161
Japan161
Producers and products161
Supply/demand162
Growth forecast164
China164
Industry structure164
Producers and products165
Base oil165
Finished lubricants167
Supply/demand169
Growth forecast170
Other Asia171
Producers and products171
Supply/demand171

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