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Chemical Economics Handbook

Chelating Agents

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary 8
Classical aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 9
Greener aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 11
Nitrilotriacetic acid and salts (NTA) 11
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 13
Organophosphonates 15
Introduction 17
Major end-use markets 19
Cleaning compounds 23
Household cleaning products 23
Institutional and industrial (I&I) cleaning products 24
Water treatment 25
Pulp and paper 26
Agricultural applications 27
Photographic applications 28
Textile treatment 29
Food, cosmetics/toiletries and pharmaceuticals 30
Gas scrubbing/sweetening 31
Concrete admixtures 32
Metal finishing 33
Petroleum exploration and production 33
Rubber/polymer processing 34
Miscellaneous chemical processing 34
Aminopolycarboxylic acids 35
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and salts (EDTA) 35
Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid and salts (DTPA) 36
Hydroxyethylethylenediaminetriacetic acid and salts (HEDTA) 36
Ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid and salts (EDDS) 36
Iminodisuccinic acid and salts (IDS) 37
Methylglycinediacetic acid and salts (MGDA) 37
Glutamic acid-N,N-diacetic acid and salts (GLDA) 37
Nitrilotriacetic acid and salts (NTA) 37
Hydroxycarboxylic acids—gluconic acid, glucoheptonic acid and salts 39
Organophosphonates 39
Manufacturing processes 42
Aminopolycarboxylic acids 42
Nitrilotriacetic acid 43
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 43
Organophosphonates 44
Environmental regulations and issues 44
REACH 44
Detergents regulation 45
Risk assessments 45
Taxation 47
Supply and demand by region 47
United States 47
Producing companies 47
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 47
Nitrilotriacetic acid and salts (NTA) 48
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 48
Gluconic acid/sodium gluconate 48
Sodium glucoheptonate 49
Organophosphonates 50
Salient statistics 52
Aminopolycarboxylates 52
NTA 55
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 56
Gluconic acids and salts 57
Glucoheptonic acids and salts 57
Organophosphonates 58
Consumption 59
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts (excluding NTA) 59
Nitrilotriacetic acid and salts 62
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 63
Organophosphonates 65
Price 68
Aminopolycarboxylic acids 68
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 68
Organophosphonates 69
Trade 69
Classical aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 69
Imports 69
Exports 70
Greener aminopolycarboxylic acids 71
Nitrilotriacetic acid, sodium salt 71
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 72
Organophosphonates 75
Imports 75
Exports 76
Canada 78
Production 78
Salient statistics 79
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 79
Nitrilotriacetic acid 81
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 82
Organophosphonates 82
Mexico 83
Producing companies 83
Aminopolycarboxylic acids 83
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 84
Organophosphonates 84
Salient statistics 84
Consumption 86
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 86
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 87
Organophosphonates 87
Trade 87
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 87
NTA 88
Hydroxycarboxylic acids, salts and esters 88
Organophosphonates 90
Central and South America 91
Producers 91
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 91
NTA 92
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 92
Organophosphonates 92
Salient statistics 92
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 93
NTA 94
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 94
Organophosphonates 95
Consumption 95
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 95
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 95
Organophosphonates 95
Price 96
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 96
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 96
Organophosphonates 98
Trade 98
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 98
Imports 98
Exports 99
Hydroxycarboxylic acids, salts and esters 100
Gluconates 100
Sodium glucoheptonate 101
Organophosphonates 102
Europe 103
Producing companies 103
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 103
Gluconic acid and salts 105
Glucoheptonic acid and salts 105
Organophosphonates 106
Salient statistics 107
Production 108
Aminopolycarboxylates 108
Gluconates and glucoheptonates 108
Organophosphonates 109
Consumption 109
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 110
EDTA 111
NTA 113
DTPA 114
HEDTA 114
MGDA 115
IDS 115
GLDA 116
EDDS 116
Other 117
Gluconic acid and salts 117
Glucoheptonic acid and salts 118
Organophosphonates 119
Price 121
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 121
Gluconates and glucoheptonates 121
Organophosphonates 122
Trade 123
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 123
Gluconic acid and salts 123
Organophosphonates 124
Middle East and Africa 125
Salient statistis 125
Production 125
Consumption 125
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 125
Gluconic acid and salts 126
Organophosphonates 128
Japan 128
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 129
Producing companies 129
Production 130
Consumption 131
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 136
Organophosphonates 138
Production 139
Consumption 139
Other 140
Price 141
Trade 141
China 143
Aminopolycarboxylic acids 143
Producing companies 143
Salient statistics 145
Consumption 145
Price 146
Trade 146
Gluconic acids and salts 146
Producing companies 146
Salient statistics 147
Trade 148
Sodium glucoheptonates 148
Organophosphonates 149
Other Asia and Oceania 150
Aminopolycarboxylic acids 150
Producing companies 150
Salient statistics 151
Consumption 152
Trade 154
Gluconic acids and salts 154
Producing companies 154
Salient statistics 155
Trade 155
Imports 155
Exports 156
Organophosphonates 157
Bibliography 157

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