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Chemical Economics Handbook

Butylenes

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary7
Summary8
Production capacity10
Production14
Consumption18
Fuel uses22
Chemical uses24
Price25
Introduction27
Manufacturing processes30
Refinery sources30
Catalytic cracking30
Thermal operations33
Coproduct from ethylene production33
Ethylene oligomerization35
alpha-Olefin production35
Ethylene dimerization36
Dehydrogenation of n-butane and isobutane36
Dehydration of tert-butyl alcohol to isobutylene37
Cracking of methyl tert-butyl ether37
Hydrogenation of C4 hydrocarbons37
Isomerization of n-butenes to isobutylene37
Bio-based production of isobutylene38
Uses39
Fuel uses39
Dimersol39
Gasoline alkylate39
MTBE (methyl tert-butyl ether) and ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether)39
Polymer gasoline40
Direct blending40
Other fuel uses40
Chemical uses41
Chemical uses for n-butenes41
Butadiene41
Butene-141
Polyethylene copolymer41
Polybutene-141
Valeraldehyde42
1,2-Butylene oxide42
Other butene-1 uses42
Butene-242
Propylene42
Octenes43
sec-Butyl alcohol43
Polygas and dimersol chemicals44
Chemical uses for isobutylene44
High-purity isobutylene derivatives44
Butyl rubber44
Methyl methacrylate (MMA)44
Polyisobutylenes44
Substituted phenols45
Other high-purity isobutylene uses45
Polybutenes46
Chemical uses for diisobutylene and triisobutylene47
Supply and demand by region48
United States48
Producing companies48
Refinery butylenes48
Ethylene coproduct51
Isobutanes52
Salient statistics53
Production55
Consumption57
Fuel uses58
Gasoline alkylate59
MTBE and ETBE60
Polymer gasoline and dimersol61
Other fuel uses61
Chemical uses61
Isobutylene61
Normal butylenes64
Canada67
Producing companies67
Refinery butylenes67
Ethylene coproduct67
Salient statistics68
Production70
Consumption72
Fuel uses73
Chemical uses74
Mexico75
Producing companies75
Refinery butylenes75
Ethylene coproduct76
Salient statistics76
Production79
Consumption81
Fuel uses82
Chemical uses83
South America84
Producing companies84
Refinery butylenes84
Ethylene coproduct85
Salient statistics 86
Production 89
Consumption 91
Fuel uses 92
Chemical uses 93
Western Europe 95
Producing companies 95
Refinery butylenes 95
Ethylene coproduct 98
Salient statistics 100
Production 103
Consumption 105
Fuel uses 106
Chemical uses 107
Central Europe 109
Producing companies 109
Refinery butylenes 109
Ethylene coproduct 110
Salient statistics 111
Production 114
Consumption 116
Fuel uses 117
Chemical uses 118
CIS and Baltic States 119
Producing companies 119
Refinery butylenes 119
Ethylene coproduct 121
Salient statistics 121
Production 124
Consumption 126
Fuel uses 127
Chemical uses 128
Middle East 130
Producing companies 130
Refinery butylenes 130
Ethylene coproduct 131
Salient statistics 133
Production 135
Consumption 137
Fuel uses 138
Chemical uses 139
Africa 141
Producing companies 141
Refinery butylenes 141
Ethylene coproduct 142
Salient statistics 143
Production 145
Consumption 147
Fuel uses 148
Chemical uses 149
Indian Subcontinent 151
Producing companies 151
Refinery butylenes 151
Ethylene coproduct 152
Salient statistics 152
Production 155
Consumption 157
Fuel uses 158
Chemical uses 159
Northeast Asia 161
Overview 161
Salient statistics 161
Production 164
Consumption 166
Fuel uses 167
Chemical uses 170
China 172
Producing companies 172
Refinery butylenes 172
Ethylene coproduct 174
Salient statistics 177
Production 179
Consumption 181
Fuel uses 182
Chemical uses 183
Japan 185
Producing companies 185
Refinery butylenes 185
Ethylene coproduct 186
Salient statistics 187
Production 190
Consumption 192
Fuel uses 193
Chemical uses 194
South Korea 196
Producing companies 196
Refinery butylenes 196
Ethylene coproduct 197
Salient statistics 197
Production 199
Consumption 201
Fuel uses 202
Chemical uses 203
Taiwan 205
Producing companies 205
Refinery butylenes 205
Ethylene coproduct 206
Salient statistics 206
Production 208
Consumption 210
Fuel uses 211
Chemical uses 212
Southeast Asia 214
Producing companies 214
Refinery butylenes 214
Ethylene coproduct 215
Salient statistics 216
Production 219
Consumption 221
Fuel uses 222
Chemical uses 223
Bibliography 226

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