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Chemical Economics Handbook

1,4-Butanediol

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary4
Summary6
Industry trends and dynamics9
Manufacturing processes10
Reppe process10
Butadiene–acetic acid process11
Propylene oxide process11
Dichlorobutene process12
n-Butane/maleic anhydride process12
Renewably derived processes15
Biosuccinic acid process15
Genomatica process15
Environmental and health issues17
Supply and demand by region18
United States18
Producing companies18
Salient statistics18
Consumption19
Tetrahydrofuran21
gamma-Butyrolactone22
Polyurethanes22
Polybutylene terephthalate resins23
Other24
Price24
Trade24
Canada25
Latin America26
Western Europe26
Producing companies27
Salient statistics28
Consumption28
Tetrahydrofuran29
Polybutylene terephthalate resins29
gamma-Butyrolactone30
Polyurethanes31
Price31
Trade32
Imports32
Exports32
Central and Eastern Europe33
Producing companies33
Salient statistics33
Consumption34
Trade34
Imports34
Exports35
Middle East35
Producing companies35
Salient statistics35
Consumption36
Trade36
Imports36
Exports37
Africa38
Producing companies38
Salient statistics38
Consumption38
Trade39
Imports39
Exports39
Japan39
Producing companies39
Salient statistics40
Consumption41
Polybutylene terephthalate resins42
Tetrahydrofuran43
Polyurethanes/other43
Price43
Trade44
China45
Producing companies45
Salient statistics48
Consumption48
Tetrahydrofuran/polytetramethylene ether glycol49
Polybutylene terephthalate resins50
Polyurethanes50
gamma-Butyrolactone50
Price51
Trade51
Other Asia52
Overview52
Producing companies52
Salient statistics53
Malaysia54
South Korea54
Taiwan55
India and other Southeast Asian countries56
Bibliography58

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