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Chemical Economics Handbook

Bromine

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary 7
Reserves and resources 7
Producers and market share 7
Albemarle Corporation 9
Chemtura, Inc. 11
Israel Chemicals Ltd.–Industrial Products (Dead Sea Bromine Company) 9
Production 12
Supply/demand 14
Consumption 15
Brominated flame retardants 16
Clear brine fluids 17
Methyl bromides 19
Water treatment/biocides 18
Catalyst for purified terephthalic acid (TPA) 18
Other 19
Introduction 21
Manufacturing processes 25
Environmental issues 25
Transportation 28
Supply and demand by region 28
United States 28
Reserves and resources 28
Producing companies 28
Salient statistics 33
Production 37
Consumption 37
Flame retardants 39
Additive BFRs 42
Reactive BFRs 42
Polymeric BFRs 43
Drilling fluids 44
Biocides/water treatment 45
Methyl bromide (brominated agricultural chemicals) 48
Catalyst for purified terephthalic acid (TPA) 48
Bromobutyl rubber 47
Other 48
Gasoline additives (ethylene dibromide) 53
Brominated intermediate uses 53
Price 54
Trade 57
Imports 59
Exports 62
Canada 64
Salient statistics 64
Consumption 66
Brominated flame retardants 68
Clear brine fluids 69
Methyl bromide 69
Terephthalic acid (TPA) 69
Bromobutyl rubber 69
Other 69
Price 69
Trade 70
Mexico 72
Salient statistics 72
Consumption 74
Clear brine fluids 75
Brominated flame retardants 75
Terephthalic acid (TPA) 75
Methyl bromide 76
Pharmaceutical and agricultural/pesticide intermediates 77
Price 77
Trade 78
Central and South America 79
Salient statistics 79
Consumption 80
Brominated flame retardants 82
Clear brine fluids 83
Methyl bromide 83
Terephthalic acid (TPA) 83
Pharmaceutical and agricultural/pesticide intermediates 83
Price 84
Trade 84
Western Europe 86
Producing companies 87
Salient statistics 88
Consumption 88
Price 91
Trade 91
Imports 91
Exports 92
Central and Eastern Europe 93
Producing companies 94
Salient statistics 95
Consumption 95
Price 96
Trade 97
Imports 97
Exports 97
Middle East 97
Producing companies 98
Salient statistics 99
Consumption 99
Price 101
Trade 101
Imports 101
Exports 102
Africa 103
Salient statistics 103
Consumption 104
Price 104
Trade 105
Imports 105
Exports 106
Japan 106
Producing companies 106
Salient statistics 106
Consumption 107
Price 109
Trade 109
Imports 109
Exports 110
China 110
Producing companies 110
Salient statistics 112
Consumption 113
Price 115
Trade 115
Imports 115
Exports 116
India 116
Producing companies 117
Salient statistics 118
Consumption 118
Price 120
Trade 120
Imports 120
Exports 121
Republic of Korea 121
Salient statistics 121
Consumption 122
Price 124
Trade 124
Imports 124
Exports 125
Taiwan 125
Salient statistics 125
Consumption 126
Price 127
Trade 127
Imports 127
Exports 128
Other Asia and Oceania 128
Salient statistics 129
Consumption 129
Price 131
Trade 131
Imports 131
Exports 132
Bibliography 132

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