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Chemical Economics Handbook

Boron Minerals and Chemicals

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary 8
North America 19
Central and South America 20
Europe 21
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 21
Turkey 22
Middle East/Africa 23
Japan 23
China 25
Other Asia 26
Industry structure and dynamics 27
Introduction 28
Environmental issues 30
Mining issues and regulations 30
Health issues 30
Boron minerals 32
Supply and demand by region 32
World 32
Reserves 32
Capacity 33
Production 33
Consumption 35
Trade 36
United States 38
Mineral deposits 38
Mineral processing 38
Producing companies 39
Salient statistics 40
Consumption 42
Downstream boron chemicals 43
Textile and insulation glass fibers 44
Ceramic frits, enamels, glazes 45
Oil and gas production 46
Price 47
Trade 48
Canada 49
Mexico 50
Central and South America 51
Reserves 51
Argentina 51
Bolivia 52
Chile 53
Peru 53
Producing companies 54
Production 55
Supply/demand 56
Consumption 56
Trade 57
Europe 57
Reserves 57
Salient statistics 58
Consumption 59
Price 59
Trade 60
Commonwealth of Independent States 62
Mineral deposits 62
Kazakhstan 62
Russia 63
Salient statistics 63
Consumption 64
Trade 65
Turkey 65
Mineral deposits 65
Mineral processing 66
Producing companies 66
Salient statistics 68
Consumption 69
Trade 70
Middle East and Africa 71
Salient statistics 71
Consumption 71
Japan 72
Salient statistics 72
Consumption 73
Price 74
China 75
Salient statistics 76
Consumption 77
Trade 79
Other Asia 79
Boron chemicals 80
Manufacturing processes 80
Primary boron chemicals 80
Borax 80
From sodium borate ores 80
From calcium borate ores 81
From brines 81
Anhydrous borax 81
Orthoboric acid 82
From sodium borates 82
From calcium borates 82
From weak brines 82
Boron oxide (anhydrous boric acid) 82
Derived boron chemicals 82
Elemental boron 82
Boron halides 83
Inorganic borates 83
Fluoborates 83
Boric acid esters 84
Boron hydrides, boranes and organoboron compounds 84
Boron hydrides 84
Boranes 85
Organoborons 85
Refractory boron compounds 86
Supply and demand by region 86
World 86
Capacity 86
Production 87
Consumption 87
Trade 88
United States 89
Producing companies 89
Primary boron chemicals 89
Derived boron chemicals 91
Salient statistics 97
Primary boron chemicals 97
Derived boron chemicals 99
Consumption 100
Primary boron chemicals 100
Derived boron chemicals 108
Price 121
Primary boron chemicals 121
Derived boron chemicals 123
Trade 125
Primary boron chemicals 125
Derived boron chemicals 128
Canada 129
Mexico 130
Central and South America 131
Producing companies 132
Salient statistics 133
Production 134
Consumption 134
Boric acid 135
Anhydrous borates 135
Borates 136
Peroxoborates 136
Trade 137
Europe 137
Producing companies 137
Primary boron chemicals 137
Derived boron chemicals 138
Salient Statistics 140
Consumption 140
Primary boron chemicals 140
Derived boron chemicals 145
Refractory boron compounds 147
Price 149
Primary boron chemicals 149
Derived boron chemicals 150
Trade 151
Primary boron chemicals 151
Derived boron chemicals 153
Commonwealth of Independent States 154
Producing companies 154
Salient statistics 154
Consumption 155
Trade 155
Price 156
Turkey 156
Producing companies 156
Salient statistics 158
Consumption 158
Trade 159
Middle East and Africa 160
Producing companies 160
Salient statistics 160
Consumption 161
Trade 162
Japan 163
Producing companies 163
Primary boron chemicals 163
Derived boron chemicals 163
Salient statistics 166
Consumption 168
Primary boron chemicals 168
Derived boron chemicals 172
Elemental boron 173
Boron halides 173
Inorganic borates 174
Boron hydrides 175
Price 176
Trade 178
Primary boron chemicals 178
Derived boron chemicals 180
China 181
Producing companies 181
Primary boron chemicals 181
Derived boron chemicals 185
Other direct boron mineral uses 189
Salient statistics 191
Consumption 191
Trade 193
Other Asia 193
Producing companies 193
Primary boron compounds 193
Derived boron chemicals 194
Salient statistics 195
Consumption 195
Trade 197
Bibliography 198

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