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Chemical Economics Handbook

Biodiesel

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary7
Introduction11
Definition11
Characteristics and properties12
End uses13
Major industry drivers14
Legislation and regulation14
Feedstock14
Prices16
Overcapacity16
Glycerin17
Hydrotreated vegetable oils17
Manufacturing process20
Transesterification via alkaline catalysis21
Batch transesterification of vegetable oil21
Continuous production of biodiesel22
Transesterification by heterogeneous catalysis22
Transesterification by acid catalysis23
Quality standard23
Supply and demand by region23
North America23
Producing companies24
Salient statistics34
Production36
Consumption36
Trade37
United States38
Legislation38
Energy policy39
Tax incentives41
Renewable identification numbers42
Salient statistics42
Production44
Consumption46
Transportation47
Power generation49
Heat generation49
Price50
Trade53
Canada54
Legislation54
Salient statistics54
Production55
Consumption56
Mexico56
Central and South America57
Producing Companies57
Salient statistics64
Production65
Consumption66
Trade66
Argentina67
Legislation67
Salient statistics68
Production69
Consumption69
Price70
Brazil70
Legislation70
Salient statistics70
Production71
Consumption71
Price72
Other Central and South America72
Legislation72
Production72
Consumption73
Trade73
Western Europe73
Producing companies74
Legislation and regulation84
Taxation86
Mandatory blending87
Quality standard88
Salient statistics88
Production89
Consumption91
Price93
Trade94
France98
Salient statistics98
Production98
Consumption99
Germany99
Salient statistics99
Production100
Consumption101
Italy102
Salient statistics102
Production102
Consumption103
Spain103
Salient statistics103
Production104
Consumption105
Central and Eastern Europe105
Producing companies105
Legislation and regulation110
Salient statistics111
Production112
Consumption114
Trade115
Czech Republic116
Salient statistics116
Production116
Consumption117
Poland117
Salient statistics117
Production117
Consumption118
Middle East118
Producing companies118
Legislation and regulation120
Salient statistics121
Production122
Consumption122
Trade123
Africa123
Producing companies124
Legislation and regulation126
Salient statistics126
Production126
Consumption127
Trade127
Asia127
Producing companies128
Salient statistics137
Production138
Consumption139
Trade140
China141
Legislation141
Salient statistics141
Production141
Consumption142
Price143
Trade143
India144
Legislation144
Salient statistics144
Production145
Consumption145
Indonesia145
Legislation145
Salient statistics146
Production147
Consumption147
Japan147
Legislation147
Salient statistics148
Production148
Consumption149
Malaysia149
Legislation149
Salient statistics149
Production150
Consumption150
Philippines150
Legislation150
Salient statistics150
Production151
Consumption151
South Korea152
Legislation152
Salient statistics152
Production152
Consumption152
Thailand153
Legislation153
Salient statistics153
Production153
Consumption153
Other Asia153
Legislation154
Production154
Consumption154
Oceania155
Producing companies155
Legislation and regulation156
Australia156
New Zealand156
Salient statistics157
Production157
Consumption158
Price158
Trade159
Appendix159
Conversion factors159
Bibliography160

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