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Chemical Economics Handbook

Animal Feeds: Phosphate Supplements

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary5
Introduction13
Meat production16
Phytase19
Fishmeal19
Manufacturing processes22
Calcium phosphates22
From phosphoric acid and limestone22
Acidulation of bones22
From hydrochloric acid and phosphate ore22
Defluorinated phosphate rock23
Purification of wet-process phosphoric acid23
Phosphorus bioavailability and utilization23
Environmental issues27
Supply and demand by region28
United States28
Producing companies28
Mono- and dicalcium phosphates and DFP (TCP)28
Sodium phosphates29
Solid ammonium phosphates29
Liquid ammonium polyphosphate and phosphoric acid29
Production30
Salient statistics31
Consumption33
Purity requirements38
Phosphate feed supplements40
Calcium phosphates40
Defluorinated phosphate rock42
Liquid ammonium polyphosphate and phosphoric acid42
Solid ammonium phosphates44
Sodium phosphates45
Other46
High-phosphorus animal protein feeds46
Tankage and meat meal47
Dried distiller’s grains with solubles (DDGS)48
Fishmeal49
Price51
Trade52
Dicalcium phosphate53
Other calcium phosphates (mono- and tricalcium phosphates)53
Canada54
Salient statistics54
Consumption55
Price55
Mexico56
Producing companies56
Salient statistics57
Consumption58
Price59
Trade60
Central and South America61
Producing companies61
Salient statistics62
Dicalcium phosphate63
Monocalcium phosphate (MCP)64
Tricalcium phosphate (TCP or DFP)64
Consumption65
Price66
Trade66
Imports66
Exports67
Western Europe68
Producing companies68
Production70
Salient statistics70
Consumption72
Price74
Trade75
Central and Eastern Europe77
Producing companies77
Production77
Salient statistics78
Dicalcium phosphate (DCP)79
Monocalcium phosphate (MCP) and tricalcium phosphate (TCP/DFP)79
Consumption80
Price80
Trade81
Imports82
Exports83
Middle East and Africa83
Producing companies83
Salient statistics84
Dicalcium phosphate85
Monocalcium phosphate85
Consumption86
Trade86
Imports86
Exports88
China90
Salient statistics92
Consumption94
Price95
Trade96
Japan97
Producing companies97
Salient statistics98
Consumption99
Consumption by product type100
Consumption by animal type102
Price104
Trade104
Other Asia105
Production106
Consumption106
Trade107
Bibliography111

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