Customer Logins

Obtain the data you need to make the most informed decisions by accessing our extensive portfolio of information, analytics, and expertise. Sign in to the product or service center of your choice.

Top Sites

Chemical Economics Handbook

Ammonia

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary5
Summary6
World supply and demand7
Capacity8
Production10
Consumption11
Price13
Trade14
Introduction16
Manufacturing processes17
Synthesis gas production17
Steam reforming17
Partial oxidation17
Cryogenic separation18
Coal gasification18
Electrolysis18
Synthesis gas purification18
Shift conversion18
Removal of carbon dioxide18
Removal of residual carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide18
Ammonia synthesis19
Trends in synthetic ammonia plant development19
Ammonia plant retrofits20
Trends in costs20
Recovered ammonia21
Coking by-product21
Petroleum refinery wastewater21
Environmental issues22
Supply and demand by region23
United States23
Producing companies23
Salient statistics26
Consumption27
Direct application as fertilizer28
Downstream products29
Chemical uses30
Caprolactam30
Acrylonitrile30
Hydrogen cyanide30
Miscellaneous amines and nitriles30
Other30
Industrial-grade ammonia30
Distribution31
Price31
Trade34
Canada36
Producing companies36
Salient statistics37
Consumption38
Price38
Trade39
Mexico40
Producing companies40
Salient statistics40
Consumption41
Central and South America42
Producing companies42
Salient statistics45
Production46
Consumption47
Trade48
Western Europe50
Producing companies50
Capacity51
Salient statistics53
Production53
Consumption54
Trade56
Central Europe58
Producing companies58
Capacity60
Salient statistics61
Production62
Consumption62
Trade64
Eastern Europe65
Producing companies65
Capacity69
Salient statistics70
Production71
Consumption72
Trade73
Middle East74
Producing companies74
Capacity77
Salient statistics79
Production79
Consumption80
Trade82
Africa83
Producing companies83
Capacity86
Salient statistics87
Production87
Consumption88
Trade89
Japan91
Producing companies91
Salient statistics91
Consumption92
Price93
Trade94
China94
Producing companies94
Salient statistics 100
Consumption 101
Urea 102
Nitric acid 102
Ammonium nitrate 102
Ammonium phosphates 102
Ammonium sulfate 102
Ammonium chloride 102
Ammonium bicarbonate 103
Acrylonitrile 103
Caprolactam 103
Other 103
Price 103
Trade 104
Southeast Asia 105
Producing companies 105
Salient statistics 107
Production 108
Consumption 109
Trade 111
Southwest Asia 112
Producing companies 112
Salient statistics 115
Production 116
Consumption 116
Trade 117
Oceania 118
Producing companies 118
Salient statistics 118
Production 119
Consumption 120
Trade 121
Bibliography 122

Filter Sort