Published July 2014
Amines are a versatile class of compounds used in organic synthesis. There are heterocyclic, aromatic and specialty amines. C1-C6 alkyl monoamines are important and well-established building blocks for several industrial products. Each individual C1-C6 alkylamine has its own set of applications, with the largest applications including the manufacture of solvents, pesticides, feed additives, water treatment chemicals, and rubber-processing chemicals. This report covers the following products:
- Methylamines (C1)
- Ethylamines (C2)
- Propylamines and isopropylamines (C3)
- n-Butylamines and isobutylamines (C4)
- Amylamines (C5)
- Cyclohexylamines (C6)
China is the largest single producer and consumer of C1-C6 alkylamines and in 2013 accounted for 56% and 55% of total world production and consumption, respectively. Some 65% of the world demand in 2013 was in Asia, and the percentage is forecast to increase to 67% in 2018.
The following pie chart shows world consumption of C1-C6 alkylamines:
The solvent market (mainly methylamine-based solvents) is the most important end-use market for C1-C6 alkylamines. Major solvents include dimethylformamide (DMF), dimethylacetamide (DMAc) and N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP). DMF is the largest single derivative of methylamines.
The next-most-important market is agrochemicals. Consumption of C1-C6 alkylamines in the pesticides market fluctuates annually, because demand for pesticides varies according to weather and planted acreage. Some companies such as BASF design their new plants to be flexible to changes in the demand for individual products.
The two largest world producers of C1-C6 alkylamines, Taminco and BASF, are based in Europe. Both companies operate plants in the United States, Germany, Belgium and China. In late 2011, Taminco shut down its alkylamines plant at Camaçari, Brazil. With the exception of Zhejiang Xinhua Chemical and Zhejiang Jianye Chemical, all of the top producers captively consume dimethylamine for DMF.