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Chemical Economics Handbook

Alkyd/Polyester Surface Coatings

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary5
Introduction8
Environmental issues9
United States9
Western Europe 10
Japan 11
Raw materials 12
Alkyds 12
Polybasic acids and anhydrides 12
Phthalic anhydride 12
Isophthalic acid 12
Maleic anhydride 12
Terephthalic acid 12
Other 12
Polyhydric alcohols 13
Pentaerythritol 13
Glycerin 13
Other 13
Monobasic acids 14
Vegetable oils 14
Soybean oil 14
Linseed oil 14
Castor oil 15
Other 15
Tall oil fatty acids 15
Marine oils 15
Synthetic fatty acids 15
Alkyds and polyesters from renewable resources 16
Modifiers 17
Chemically modified alkyds 17
Isocyanates 17
Styrene and vinyl toluene 17
Acrylic monomers 17
Rosin and rosin esters 17
Benzoic acid and derivatives 17
Blends of alkyds with other resins 17
Chlorinated rubber 18
Nitrocellulose 18
Phenolics 18
Silicone 18
Polyamide (nonnylon type) 18
Other 18
Sample resin formulations 19
Polyesters 21
Manufacturing processes 23
Coating formulation 23
Pigments 24
Solvents 24
Additives 24
Driers 24
Other 25
Environmentally acceptable formulations 25
Solventborne alkyds using exempt solvents 25
High-solids alkyds 26
Waterborne alkyds 27
Modifying alkyds 28
High-solids polyesters 28
Waterborne polyesters 28
Powder coatings 29
Supply and demand by region 30
United States 30
Producing companies 30
Production 33
Consumption 33
Architectural coatings 35
Exterior 36
Interior 37
Product finishes—OEM 38
Metal furniture and fixtures 39
Appliances 39
Sheet, strip, and coil 39
Machinery and equipment 40
Transportation 41
Wood furniture and fixtures 42
Electrical insulation (varnishes and magnet wire enamels) 43
Containers 43
Wood and composition flat stock 44
Other 44
Special-purpose coatings 45
Industrial maintenance 45
Aerosols 46
Traffic paints 46
Automotive refinishing 47
Price 47
Resins 47
Coatings 48
Trade 49
Canada 50
Mexico 50
South America 52
Europe 54
Producing companies 54
Production 58
Consumption 62
Architectural coatings 63
Product finishes—OEM 64
Special-purpose coatings 66
Price 67
Resins 67
Coatings 69
Trade 72
Middle East and Africa 72
Japan 74
Producing companies 74
Salient statistics 75
Consumption 76
Price 78
Trade 79
China 79
Producing companies 79
Salient statistics 80
Price 82
Trade 82
Other Asia and Oceania 83
Producing companies 83
Salient statistics 87
South Korea 89
Taiwan 91
India, ASEAN, and rest of Asia 92
Bibliography 94

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