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Chemical Economics Handbook

Acrylic Acid and Esters

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Summary 7
Introduction 11
Manufacturing processes 16
Propylene oxidation 16
Acrylonitrile hydrolysis 17
Reppe process 18
Bioacrylic acid 18
Other processes 18
Environmental issues 19
Supply and demand by region 19
United States 19
Producing companies 19
Salient statistics 25
Production 26
Consumption 26
Crude acrylic acid 26
Commodity acrylate esters 27
Surface coatings 30
Adhesives and sealants 35
Plastic additives 38
Textiles 38
Paper 40
Other uses 40
Other alkyl and specialty acrylates 42
Glacial acrylic acid 44
Superabsorbent polymers 45
Other acrylic acid polymers and copolymers 46
Water treatment 47
Detergent cobuilders 47
Paper 48
Price 48
Trade 49
Imports 49
Exports 52
Canada 55
Consumption 55
Architectural coatings 55
Motor vehicles 56
Price 57
Trade 58
Mexico 59
Producing companies 59
Salient statistics 60
Acrylic acid 60
Acrylate esters 61
Central and South America 67
Producing companies 67
Salient statistics 68
Trade 71
Argentina 71
Brazil 72
Chile 74
Colombia 75
Peru 76
Venezuela 77
Western Europe 78
Producing companies 78
Salient statistics 81
Acrylic acid 81
Acrylate esters 83
Commodity acrylate esters 84
Other alkyl and specialty acrylates 85
Glacial acrylic acid 85
Superabsorbent polymers 85
Other polyacrylic acid and copolymers 87
Other 88
Price 88
Trade 91
Acrylic acid 91
Acrylic esters 92
Central and Eastern Europe 93
Producing companies 93
Salient statistics 93
Acrylic acid 93
Acrylate esters 95
Middle East 97
Producing companies 97
Salient statistics 98
Acrylic acid 98
Acrylate esters 99
Africa 100
Producing companies 100
Salient statistics 101
Acrylic acid 101
Acrylate esters 101
China 103
Producing companies 103
Salient statistics 110
Consumption 114
Acrylic acid 114
Acrylate esters 115
Surface coatings 116
Adhesives and sealants 117
Textiles 117
Other 118
Glacial acrylic acid 118
Superabsorbent polymers 118
Water treatment 118
Detergent cobuilders/other 119
Price 119
Trade 121
Imports 121
Exports 123
Japan 125
Producing companies 125
Production 128
Consumption 130
Polyacrylic acid 131
Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) 132
Polyacrylate and copolymers 132
Other copolymers 132
Acrylate esters 133
Adhesives/textiles and surface coatings 134
Plastic copolymers 135
Acrylic fibers 135
Acrylic elastomers 135
Other alkyl and specialty acrylates 136
Price 136
Trade 138
Imports 138
Exports 138
India 140
Producing companies 140
Salient statistics 141
Acrylic acid 141
Acrylate esters 142
Indonesia 144
Producing companies 144
Salient statistics 144
Acrylic acid 144
Acrylate esters 146
Republic of Korea 147
Producing companies 147
Salient statistics 148
Acrylic acid 148
Acrylate esters 149
Trade 150
Imports 150
Exports 150
Malaysia 151
Producing companies 151
Salient statistics 152
Acrylic acid 152
Acrylate esters 154
Singapore 154
Producing companies 154
Salient statistics 156
Acrylic acid 156
Acrylate esters 157
Taiwan 158
Producing companies 158
Salient statistics 158
Acrylic acid 158
Acrylate esters 160
Trade 160
Imports 160
Exports 161
Thailand 162
Other Asia 165
Acrylic acid 165
Acrylate esters 165
Oceania 168
Bibliography 170

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