Published: March 1981
This report covers the technology and costs of manufacturing two groups of alkyl amines: the methylamines and the ethyleneamines. These products are chemical intermediates having a wide range of end uses, ranging from solvents and surfactants to insecticides and explosives.
Three processes are presented: one for the manufacture of methyl-amines and two for the manufacture of ethyleneamines Section 4 gives the process by which most of the world's methylamines are produced. Methanol and ammonia are reacted to give monomethylamine (MMA), dimethylamine (DMA), and trimethylamine (TMA). Section 5 gives the dominant process for production of ethyleneamines today. Ethylene dichloride and ammonia are reacted to give ethylenediamine (EDA), diethylene triamine (DETA), triethylene tetramine (TETA), and tetraethylene pentamine (TEPA). Section 6 presents a more recent emerging technology for the manufacture of ethyleneamines. Ammonia and monoethanolamine are reacted to give EDA, DETA, and piperazines including piperazine (PIP), N-aminoethylpiperazine (AEP), and piperazine ethanol (PE).