Fumigants and Nematicides
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Published: May 2009
This report covers supply and demand for fumigants and nematicides in the United States, Western Europe and Japan. A limited amount of information on producers of fumigants in other world regions is also provided, as available.
U.S. consumption of fumigant and nematicide active ingredients is expected to increase at an average annual rate of 0.2% during the 2008–2013 period. Methyl bromide will continue to be phased out, except for critical use exemptions (CUEs) approved for future methyl bromide use. In general, the fumigants and nematicides market is mature and stable, with very little growth projected.
The Japanese market for fumigants and nematicides is expected to decline during 2008–2013, and growth in Europe, the Middle East and Africa is expected to be slight.
In Central and South America (including Mexico), fumigants and nematicides are also produced and consumed. For example, methyl bromide is used in a number of countries in this region, although alternatives such as metam-sodium, genetically modified crops and increased inspections are being instituted to comply with Montreal Protocol regulations.
In Asia, there are a number of fumigant and nematicide producers and users. Aluminum phosphide is produced and exported by China and India. In Indonesia, methyl bromide is used for preshipment and quarantine applications.
The following pie chart shows consumption of fumigants and nematicides by major region:
Regulatory issues are a major factor in limiting future uses of fumigants and nematicides. Concerns about human health and environmental impacts can lead to the cancellation of registration of products or the phaseout of uses. Also, the cost of reregistration is a limiting factor. Breakthroughs in transgenic seeds for pest resistance can lead to replacement of fumigants and nematicides in the future. On the other hand, for farmers and growers, competitive advantage is a key to their success. They will continue to use fumigants and nematicides if there is no alternative. For example, strawberry growers in California have yet to find a viable alternative to methyl bromide for this crop. In addition, improved biofuel technologies could support growth of crop acreage and thus increase fumigant and nematicide use.